Sociology Index

Xinhai Chinese Revolution

French Revolution, Russian Revolution, American Revolution

Chinese Revolution or the Xinhai Chinese Revolution or Hsinhai Revolution or the Chinese Revolution, started with the Wuchang Uprising on 10th October, 1911 and ended on February 12, 1912 when Emperor Puyi abdicated. Explanations of the Chinese Communist revolution have highlighted the role of ideology, social organization and social structure.

The conflict was between the Imperial forces of the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911), and Tongmenghui, the revolutionary forces of the Chinese Revolutionary Alliance. The Xinhai Chinese Revolution was motivated by majority Han Chinese resentment toward a government dominated by an ethnic Manchu minority. Communism and Marxism in mainland China in 1949 led the United States to suspend diplomatic ties with the People's Republic of China for decades.

The monarchy was briefly restored twice and there was a period of military rule. Though the Republic of China formally replaced the Qing Dynasty, internal conflict continued. Chinese Revolution in 1949 refers to the final stage of military conflict (1946–1950) in the Chinese Civil War.

Chinese Communist leader Mao Zedong declared the creation of the People's Republic of China. The announcement ended the civil war between the Chinese Communist Party and the Nationalist Party or Kuomintang.

The creation of the People's Republic of China also completed the long process of governmental upheaval in China begun by the Xinhai Chinese Revolution of 1911.

Teaching About the Chinese Revolution - Chan, Sucheng
Asian American Review, 83-95, 76
Abstract: The issue of a western versus a third world perspective, and whether China has anything in common with formerly colonized world, the Marxist perspective and its influence on Asian thinkers.

Moving the Masses: Emotion Work in the Chinese Revolution - Elizabeth J. Perry
Available online at mobilization.metapress.com/
Abstract: Building upon pre-existing traditions of popular protest and political culture, the Communists systematized “emotion work” as part of a conscious strategy of psychological engineering.

Mao and the Chinese revolution in philosophy - K. T. Fann
Studies in East European Thought, Volume 12, Number 2 / June, 1972
Abstract: There is a unique relationship between Maoist policies and philosophy which is due to the pedagogical orientation of the Chinese Communist Party and role of the cultural revolution.

Ideas of revolution in China and the West Export - by: Ping He
Frontiers of History in China, Vol. 3, No. 1. (7 March 2008), pp. 139-147.
Abstract: Aim of Chinese revolution in the 20th century China shows that Chinese theorists had a misunderstanding regarding revolution as representing an ultimate social state and not as a means to achieve political modernization. A rethinking of the concept after the Cultural Revolution has resulted in an advance in China's social evolution.

The Original Chinese Revolution Remains in Power - by Edward Friedman - Journal Article Excerpt, Journal article by Edward Friedman; Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars, Vol. 13, 1981
After the Chinese revolution state power and control over industrial and financial economy were transferred to the hands of Marxist socialists dedicated to using the surplus to improve the life of the common man. Socialism is a hip-hip word in China among ruling groups.