Blue-collar Crime, Pink-collar Crime, Occupational
Crime, Conventional Crime
Edwin Sutherland in 1945, referred to the illegal
activities of businesses and corporations committed to further the goals of the business
as white-collar crime. White collar crime or economic crime could include bribery, cyber
crime, misappropriation, credit card fraud, identity theft, money laundering and
White-collar crimes were not regulated by criminal law
but by regulatory laws of various kinds. White-collar crimes included false advertising,
anti-trust violations, environmental pollution or dumping product on the market below
cost. Criminologists now call this corporate crime or organizational crime and reserve the term white-collar
crime for those illegal acts committed by people in positions of trust in white-collar
According to a 2006 study by the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, White-collar crime costs the United
States as much as $400 billion annually. White-collar crimes costs more than 10 times the
budget of Michigan.
Understanding the Nature of White-collar Crime
- Liu, Haiyan.
Traditional criminological theorists don't directly address white-collar crime issues,
while white-collar crime scholars havent been paying much attention. Comparing four
major classical criminological theories, differential
association, rational choice, strain and social control
theory, this paper addresses the question how these theories could be used to explain
the nature of white-collar crime.
Are White-Collar and Common Offenders the Same?
An Empirical and Theoretical Critique of a Recently Proposed General Theory of Crime -
MICHAEL L. BENSON, ELIZABETH MOORE -
Addresses two propositions on white-collar crime derived from a general theory of crime
recently proposed by Gottfredson and Travis Warner
Hirschi, which predicts that white-collar crime offenders are as criminally versatile
as common offenders. Authors investigate white-collar crime and common offenders and their
respective levels of participation in deviant behavior.
Some white-collar crime offenders are involved in crime to much the same degree as typical
street criminals. A complex causal structure is needed to account for patterns of
and White-Collar Crime
George Robb, History Faculty, William Paterson University in New Jersey
In Victorian society, women of the middle class were
particularly vulnerable to white-collar crimes. This article uses financial literature,
newspaper debates and fiction to demonstrate how women were victimized by white-collar
Collar Crime Steals Thunder From Conventional Crime, Says Police Chief
KUALA LUMPUR, Oct 28 (Bernama) - White collar crime steals the thunder from conventional
crime as it affects the financial performance of commercial organisations in the country.
Capitalists, corporate executives and even criminologists argued that white collar crime
took a back seat to a strong national focus on more conventional crimes.
Crime and Criminal Careers
Specifying a Trajectory of Punctuated Situational Offending
Nicole Leeper Piquero, University of Florida, Michael L. Benson, University of Cincinnati
Abstract: The typical white-collar offender greatly differs from the typical street
offender and does not appear to fit into the proposed explanations of life course
offending patterns. Scholars have applied the terminology of the criminal career
perspective to white-collar offending. Article summarizes the intersection of white-collar
crime and criminal careers, and ways in which understandings of crime over the life course
can be modified to account for white-collar crime patterns.
On the Moral Structure of White-Collar Crime
Mitchell N. Berman - University of Texas School of Law, Ohio State Journal of Criminal
Law, Vol. 5, p. 301, 2007.
White-collar crime has long presented a puzzle for theorists of the criminal law. Some
white-collar offenses are puzzling and we are perplexed about why the conduct at the core
of the offense is criminalized. Insider trading is like this, assuming that it counts as
Green's new book, Lying, Cheating, and Stealing: A Moral Theory of White-Collar Crime.
The contours of white-collar crime offenses ordinarily do, closely track the judgments of
common-sense morality: Insider trading should be criminalized because it instantiates the
underlying moral wrong of cheating. Essay challenges moral structure of white-collar
crime. A satisfactory full account of the moral structure of white-collar crime law should
be more sensitive.
Crimes of the Powerful: redefining white-collar crime? - Chambliss,
By re-defining white collar crime as "crimes of the powerful" Frank Pearce
provided a much needed change in focus. Pearce's, among other things, culled from the
white collar crime package those powerless individuals, like the bank clerk who embezzles,
from the powerful corporate managers. It made power a central
feature of studies of white collar crime.
the Links Between White-Collar Crime and Terrorism
John Kane; April Wall - Corporate Author: National White Collar Crime Center
This research report identifies the types of white-collar crimes used by a group for
funding mechanisms and identity deception and suggests how lessons learned from
white-collar crime investigations can provide guidance for State and local police and
prosecutors who may investigate terrorist groups.
White-Collar Crime Victims and the Issue of Trust - Basia Spalek
This paper presents the results of a study exploring relationships of trust and distrust
between the offender, the victims in a particular case of white-collar crime. This work
builds upon previous research in white-collar crime, which has examined the consequences
of white-collar offences upon trust towards social, political and economic institutions.
After Enron will Whiter than White Collar Crime Still Wash? -
Professor of Socio-Legal Studies, Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of Oxford,
In thinking about white-collar crime, it is not just crime that becomes problematic but compliance, particularly the practice of
creative compliance. In the post-Enron era, can creative compliance by business still
claim to be whiter than white collar crime?
WHITE COLLAR CRIME AND PUNISHMENT
Reflections on Michael, Martha, and Milberg Weiss - J. Kelly Strader
We are deeply conflicted about white collar crime and punishment. Prosecutions undermine
the integrity and expressive function of our system of white collar crime and
White-Collar Crime and the Study of Embezzlement - GARY S. GREEN
The term white-collar crime has come to mean many things since Edwin Sutherland coined it
more than fifty years ago. Many scholars referred to embezzlement as a white-collar crime.
This theft-after-trust offense is probably not a white-collar crime in the original sense
of the term. This article addresses the problems of data interpretation and behavioral
explanation in the study of trust violation in light of scholars' focus on it as a
white-collar crime offense.
Intellectual property and white-collar crime: Report of issues, trends, and
problems for future research
Kane, John, Beresford, Annette D., Desilets, Christian, Haantz, Sandra, Wall, April
Article Abstract: A research examines the association between intellectual property rights
and white-collar crime, and identifies future research that might benefit policymaker,
federal, state, and local agencies.
Studying and Teaching White-Collar Crime: Populist and Patrician Perspectives -
Shover, Neal; Cullen, Francis
White-collar crime is an integral part of undergraduate criminology courses and textbooks
and the subject of enduring analytic controversy. Analytic controversy can be traced to
two paradigms employed by investigators and teachers when they
examine white-collar crime: Populist and Patrician. How much attention is paid to the
victims and costs of white-collar crime, and the variables and
dynamics that purportedly explain variation in offending. Pedagogical use of conflicting
paradigms hold the potential to enhance students' ability to think critically about
Some Personality Correlates of Business White-Collar Crime.
Blickle, Gerhard; Schlegel, Alexander; Fassbender, Pantaleon; Klein, Uwe
The results of the first cross-sectional study in Europe examining personality correlates
of white-collar crime in business are presented. This study is an extension of Collins and
Schmidt's 1993, research on white-collar crime in the United States. Business white-collar
crime is predicted by gender, low behavioral self-control, and high conscientiousness.
That high-ranking white-collar crime criminals in business combine low integrity with high
The Neglected Victims and Unexamined Costs of White-Collar Crime
Elizabeth Moore, Michael Mills - Crime & Delinquency, Vol. 36, No. 3, 408-418 (1990).
Although no one disputes that aggregate fiscal costs of white-collar crime dwarf
comparable losses from street crime, victimization researchers have ignored entirely the
victims of white-collar crime. This can be attributed to conservative domination of the
victims' agenda and the ambiguous moral character of white-collar victims. This article
distinguishes primary and secondary costs of white-collar crime.
Globalization and the Federal Prosecution of White Collar Crime
Ellen S. Podgor - Stetson University College of Law.
This essay focuses on the international flavor developing in the prosecution of white
collar crime. Addresses judicial interpretation of white collar statutes where there has
been no explicit reference to extraterritoriality in the statute. Offers jurisdiction
questions that have arisen as a result of white collar crime criminal activity exceeding
the borders of the United States.
Knocking The Starch Out Of White Collar Crime
Overview: White-collar crime tugs at the bottom line of every company, from mid-sized
restaurants and lumberyards to Fortune 100 firms.
THE SIGNIFICANCE OF WHITE-COLLAR CRIME FOR A GENERAL THEORY OF CRIME
TRAVIS HIRSCHI, MICHAEL GOTTFREDSON, University of Arizona.
Advocates of the concept of white-collar crime have failed to make the case for its
scientific value. Steffensmeier's efforts support our contention that the correlates of
white-collar crime are the same as the correlates of crime, that the age distribution of
offending is the same for white-collar crimes as for other crimes, that official
statistics have sufficient validity for many etiological
On the Relationship between White-Collar Crime and Political Sociology: A Suggestion and Resource for
Teaching. - Gerber, Jurg; Fritsch, Eric J.
Describes a college-level student research project on white-collar crime and its
relationship to political sociology.
in Human Organs: An Emerging Form of White-Collar Crime?
Thomas W. Foster, Department of Sociology, Ohio State University at Mansfield.
The article inquires into the typical circumstances that surround the sale-for-profit of