Sociology Index

TUDOR

A member of the royal family descended from the union of the Welsh Squire Owen Tudor (d.1461) and Henry V's widow Catherine of Valois. Tudor refers to the period of English history from 1485 to 1603 when the nation's monarchs were descended from Owen Tudor and Queen Catherine (1401-1437) widow of King Henry V.

Tudor line of English monarchs included Henry VIII (1491-1547) famous for his six marriages and the establishment of Protestantism in England and for strengthening the central power of the state. The greatest of the tudor monarchs, and the last, was Elizabeth I (1533-1603), Henry's daughter who ascended the throne in 1558 and during her 45 year reign modernized the English state administration, rationalized public finance and further strengthened central government.

These achievements established conditions where trade and commerce could rapidly expand and created some of the early foundations for the age of exploration and the industrial revolution. Tudoresque - characteristic of the Tudor period in Tudor style, or resembling the Tudor style.

A style of architecture prevalent under monarchs of the house of Tudor characterized particularly by half-timbering and appropriate decoration.