Sociology Index


Truman Doctrine announced America's post war embrace of global leadership. Truman Doctrine is that the primary objectives of American foreign policy was the creation of conditions in which United States and other nations will be able to work out a way of life free from coercion. The Truman Doctrine has raised profound questions from historians regarding its origins and long-term consequences. The Truman Doctrine was announced to Congress by President Harry S. Truman on March 12, 1947. Truman's speech is considered the start of the Cold War.

The Truman Doctrine was an American foreign policy whose stated purpose was to contain Soviet geopolitical expansion during the Cold War. Direct American military force was usually not involved, but Congress appropriated financial aid to support the economies and militaries of Greece and Turkey. According to Truman Doctrine, America cannot realize its objectives unless it is willing to help free people to maintain their free institutions, and their national integrity against aggressive movements that seek to impose on them totalitarianism. According to Truman Doctrine, United States must support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by a armed minority group or by outside pressures.

The Truman Doctrine implied American support for other nations thought to be threatened by Soviet communism. The Truman Doctrine and foreign policy led to the formation of the military alliance NATO. With the Truman Doctrine, President Harry S. Truman established that the United States would provide political, military and economic assistance to all democratic nations under threat from external or internal authoritarianism. The Truman Doctrine effectively reoriented U.S. foreign policy, away from its usual stance of withdrawal from regional conflicts not directly involving the United States. Truman contended that because totalitarian regimes coerced free peoples, they automatically represented a threat to international peace and the national security of the United States. Truman told Congress that "it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures."

The Truman Doctrine speech marked a change in American foreign policy. It was only a request to the Congress for funds in peacetime to defend two countries from pro-communist and Soviet pressure. The administration justified this request by emphasizing the danger of totalitarianism as opposed to democracy. The Truman Doctrine was the result of a perceived threat of communism and the policy developed from it gave shape to the cold war and the polarization of the world into peoples in the sphere of influence of the two dominant world powers. Truman Doctrine, was an American challenge to Soviet ambitions throughout the world. The Truman Doctrine arose from a speech delivered by President Truman before a joint session of Congress on March 12, 1947. The speech was due to announcement by the British Government that it would no longer provide military and economic assistance to the Greek Government in its civil war against the Greek Communist Party.

Greek Crisis and the Truman Doctrine: A Rationale for Intervention -
Abstract: The fall of the Greek democracy to communist guerillas threatened to allow the Soviet Union to dominate southern Europe. There was dispute as to the nature of the rationale which the Truman administration should advance in support of the US aid package.

Greece and the Truman Doctrine - Fricas, John
Abstract : The Truman Doctrine has generally been perceived as the decisive factor which led to the defeat of the communist insurgency in Greece in 1949. Truman Doctrine is also credited with having stopped the spread of Soviet expansion in Europe and the Balkans. An attempt is made to divine the importance, effectiveness and meaning of the Truman Doctrine as an American foreign policy.