Sociology Index

Transnationalism

Transnationalism grew out of improved and increased interconnectivity between people and the receding significance of boundaries among nation states. Transnationalism involves the global reorganization of the production process of any product which can be done in various countries with the aim of minimizing costs. Transnationalism is a social phenomenon grown out of the interconnectivity between people and the receding economic and social significance of boundaries. The term transnationalism was popularized Randolph Bourne to describe a new way of thinking about relationships between cultures. The term transnationalism is also becoming more and more prominent in the social sciences.

Transnationalism involves the global reorganization of the production process in various countries with the aim of minimizing costs. Critical theories of transnationalism argue that transnational capitalism occurred through the monopolization and centralization of capital. The main driver of transnationalism has been the development of technologies that have made transportation and communication more accessible and affordable. Economic transnationalism or globalization began in mid 20th century because of the development of the internet and reduction in global transportation costs and containerization. A Multinational Corporation a form of transnationalism because they want to minimize costs and maximize profits. Transnationalism has also nourished literature in social sciences.

The transnational capitalist class known as the transnational capitalist network in Marxian-influenced analyses of international political economy and globalization believe that it has relevance with the growth of capitalist globalization. Transnationalism has also changed the way immigration is conceptualized.

The transnational capitalist class contend that it does not make sense to link specific nation-state boundaries with migratory workforces, and globalized corporations. Overseas Chinese are a historical precursor to modern transnationalism. Diaspora studies could move away from the political discourse that surrounds transnational studies.

Transnationalism, Cosmopolitanism and Glocalization
Victor Roudometof. The reality of internal globalization, or glocalization, is responsible for the transformation of people’s everyday lives irrespective of whether they are transnational or not. The increasing strength of transnational connections raises the issues explored in this essay: does transnationalism lead to greater levels of cosmopolitanism? Is localism a negation of both of these processes? Contemporary discussions on these topics often seem to suggest an affirmative answer to these questions.

Transnationalism and cosmopolitanism are two concepts popular in contemporary scholarly and journalistic discourses. Both of them lack a universally accepted definition and have been contested in the literature. Transnationalism was originally connected to recent immigrant cohorts, although the concept has been expanded to include other groups of people, as well as a whole array of activities across borders. Cosmopolitanism has been used as a new moral and ethnic standpoint suitable for 21st-century global life; but it has also been criticized as a manifestation of the mentality of the upper and middle classes (Featherstone, 2002).

Connecting and Confronting Transnationalism: Bridging Concepts and Moving Critique
Sara de Jong, Petra Dannecker, Global Studies in Culture and Power, Volume 25, 2018 - Issue 5.
Abstract: This article traces the trajectory of transnationalism as a perspective and field of study and suggests that new impetus can be given to its development by establishing a dialogue between transnationalism and other key concepts. While the research agenda of the early stages was characterised by a need to distinguish transnationalism from related terms, such as globalisation, we argue that the field could now regain momentum by exploring synergies with other concepts. We stage confrontations between transnationalism and, respectively, the concepts of ‘borders’, ‘translocality’, ‘precarity’, ‘queer’, ‘moralities’, ‘the state’, and ‘brokerage’. Conceptually, this allows us to go beyond an internal critique that exposes the shortcomings of a transnational perspective, by suggesting novel frameworks and toolkits. Substantively, this issue’s articles demonstrate the need to refocus transnational studies’ attention to the unevenness, instability and inequality of transnational space.