Token economy in psychiatry is the principle or practice of rewarding desirable behaviour with tokens which can be exchanged for goods or privileges, and sometimes punishing undesirable behaviour by withholding or withdrawing such tokens.
Token economy is a behaviour therapy procedure based on operant learning principles; individuals are rewarded or reinforced for positive or appropriate behaviour and are disciplined (punished) for negative or inappropriate behaviour.
Living in the Classroom: The Currency-Based Token
Economy - Payne, James S.; And Others
Chapter 1 justifies the use of a currency-based token economy in the classroom. This is followed by a chapter explaining the mechanics of such a system in the classroom.
Chapter 3 explains how to identify and acquire reinforcers that the students can purchase with currency at a minimum cost to the teacher. The next chapter outlines basic information that is needed to implement any token economy for people who are unfamiliar with the concept.
Chapter 5 describes in detail the skills needed to operate a currency-based token economy in the classroom, while the next chapter outlines the procedures for setting up and stocking the store and discusses the various responsibilities associated with it.
Effects of a token economy system within the context of
cooperative games on social behaviors of adolescents with emotional and behavioral
disorders. - Wolfe, B. D., Dattilo, J., Gast, D. L.