Sociology Index


Carrying Capacity, Sociology of Environment. Environmental Movement, Ecology

Sustainable development is economic activity or growth which does not reduce or deplete the resources available to future generations. Sustainable development can be maintained at a certain rate or level.

Sustainable development means meeting the needs of present generations without jeopardizing the ability of futures generations to meet their own needs. Sustainable development cannot be brought about by just policies. European Union Sustainable Development Strategy must be a principle guiding the many choices each citizen makes every day, and also the political and economic decisions. Sustainable development requires changes in thinking, in economic and social structure and in consumption, consumer culture and production patterns.

In July 2009 the Commission adopted the 2009 Review of European Union Sustainable Development Strategy. It underlines that in recent years the EU has mainstreamed sustainable development strategy into a broad range of its policies.

The EU has taken the lead in the fight against climate change and the promotion of a low-carbon economy. Unsustainable trends persist in many areas and the efforts need to be intensified. The review takes stock of European Union Sustainable Development Strategy policy measures in the areas covered by the European Union Sustainable Development Strategy and launches a reflection on the future of the European Union Sustainable Development Strategy and its relation to the Lisbon strategy.

The review is complemented by Eurostat's bi-annual monitoring report on sustainable development.

The European Council in December 2009 confirmed that " Sustainable development remains a fundamental objective of the European Union under the Lisbon Treaty. Emphasised in the Presidency's report on the 2009 review of the Union's Sustainable Development Strategy , the strategy will continue to provide a longterm vision and constitute the overarching policy framework for all Union policies and strategies.

Sustainable Development: Conventional versus emergent alternative wisdom
David C Korten - Development (2005) 48, 65–69
Abstract: To open the Dialogue section of Volume 48, we start with two pieces by David C. Korten, a leading 'alternative' writer. The first was written in 1993 to present his then current thoughts on the conventional and alternative wisdom on sustainable development. That most of its arguments remain relevant nearly twelve years later is a useful reminder of how little the basic frame of the sustainable development debate has changed during this period. The second is his reflection on the piece written for this journal issue.

Knowledge systems for sustainable development
David W. Cash, William C. Clark, Frank Alcock, Nancy M. Dickson, Noelle Eckley‡, David H. Guston, Jill Jäger, and Ronald B. Mitchell
Abstract: The challenge of meeting human development needs while protecting the earth's life support systems confronts scientists, technologists, policy makers, and communities from local to global levels. Many believe that science and technology (S&T) must play a more central role in sustainable development, yet little systematic scholarship exists on how to create institutions that effectively harness S&T for sustainability. This study suggests that efforts to mobilize S&T for sustainability are more likely to be effective when they manage boundaries between knowledge and action in ways that simultaneously enhance the salience, credibility, and legitimacy of the information they produce. Effective systems apply a variety of institutional mechanisms that facilitate communication, translation and mediation across boundaries.