Suicide is the action or an act of intentionally killing oneself. Suicide is the act of terminating one's own life. Suicide may be a result of depression, desperation, ego, anomie, altruism or other situations. In the present world, suicide has also become a form of protest. 30% of all suicides worldwide occur in India and China.
Medically assisted suicide or euthanasia is a controversial ethical issue involving people who are terminally ill. Kamikaze and suicide bombing have become military or terrorist tactic.
Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) argued against Psychological Reductionism in his study of suicide by arguing, and demonstrating, that even after providing a psychological explanation for individual acts of suicide there was something still to account for: the difference in suicide rates between societies.
Sati, a Hindu funeral practice where the widow commits suicide by immolating herself on her husband's funeral pyre, is still prevalent in many parts of India, but goes unreported.Firearms are the most common method for suicide (55% of suicides are committed with a firearm). So it is imperative that a suicidal person should not have access to a firearm. Social suicide-rate can be explained only sociologically. At any given moment the moral constitution of society establishes the contingent of voluntary deaths. There is, therefore, for each people a collective force of a definite amount of energy, impelling men to self-destruction.
Suicide is NEVER the answer, getting help is the answer. If you are suicidal, have attempted suicide, or are a suicide survivor, you will find help, hope, comfort, understanding, support, love, and extensive resources at suicide.org.
In America almost 30,000 people commit suicide every year, and
70% of those people give warning signs before taking their own life. Stop A
Suicide Today! can teach you how to recognize the warning signs of suicide in
family, friends, co-workers, and patients, and how to respond as you would do with any
medical emergency. - stopasuicide.org
According to World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates, each year approximately one million people die from suicide, which represents a global mortality rate of 16 people per 100,000 or one death every 40 seconds. By 2020, it is predicted that the rate of death will increase to one every 20 seconds.
In the last 45 years suicide rates have increased by 60%
worldwide. Suicide is now among the three leading causes of death among those aged 15-44
(male and female). Suicide attempts are up to 20 times more frequent than successful
Durkheim's Suicide: A Century of Research and Debate (Routledge Studies in Social and Political Thought) Durkeim's book on suicide, first published in 1897, is widely regarded as a classic text, and is essential reading for any student of Durkheim's thought and sociological method. The chapters cover such issues as the use of statistics, explanation of suicide, anomie and religion and the morality of suicide.
Reducing Your Child's Risk For Depression & Suicide (Parenting Pointers) Depression and suicide among children are growing social concerns. Most of these children will overcome their problems and go on to lead happy lives. Others will attempt suicide. Although the majority of depressed children are not suicidal, most suicidal children are depressed. Suicide results in the death of more children than cancer or heart disease. National statistics cite that about 10,000 boys and girls 18 years of age or younger take their own lives every year.
Why Suicide?: Questions and Answers About Suicide, Suicide Prevention, and Coping with the Suicide of Someone You Know 85 percent of us will have some up-close experience with the suicide of someone we know. And more than 20 percent of us will have a family member die by suicide. Journalist Eric Marcus knows this better than most people. Drawing from his own experience, as well as interviews with people who have been touched by suicide, Eric Marcus cuts through the veil of silence and misunderstanding to bring clarity, reassurance, and comfort to those who so desperately need it.
The European Suicide - A research project at the Department of Sociology, Stockholm University. Suicide mortality is investigated in an all European perspectives. On this site you'll find information on the status of Durkheim's theorie of suicide and Parsons' theory of action systems. - sociology.su.se/research/suicide.html
Are Socioeconomic Factors Valid Determinants of
Suicide? Controlling for National Cultures of Suicide with Fixed-Effects Estimation -
Eric Neumayer, London School of Economics and Political Science
Katherine M. Rasmussen, Charles Negy, Ralph Carlson, JoAnn Mitchell Burns, University of Texas-Pan American
The purpose of this study was to determine whether Mexican American adolescents' suicide ideation could be predicted from their acculturation levels. Although adolescents' acculturation levels did not correlate independently with suicide ideation scores, acculturation did significantly (and positively) predict suicide ideation when combined with depressive symptoms and low self-esteem.
A Primer on Rational Suicide and Other Forms of
Durkheim distinguished between egoistic, anomic, altruistic, and fatalistic suicide, broad classifications that reflect then-prevailing theories of human behavior.
Durkheim viewed egoistic suicide as a consequence of the deterioration of social and familial bonds.
The term 'altruism' was used by Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) to describe a suicide committed for the benefit of others or for the community: this would include self-sacrifice for military objectives in wartime.
The condition of slavery may make an individual feel that the only way to find escape is suicide. This would be fatalistic suicide because the individual considers himself condemned by fate or doomed to be a slave. A fatalistic situation calling for a fatalistic suicide as a solution or escape.
The category of fatalistic suicide was constructed mainly for purposes of symmetry, as contrasted with egoistic suicide, and because it would undercut his central claims about the role of modern urban life as increasing the incidence of suicide, Durkheim could never seriously examine the possibility that social integration could result in suicide.
Fatalistic suicide served as a descriptor for suicides in traditional societies, because Durkheim was faced with the issue that even in societies with abundant social capital, individuals nevertheless killed themselves.