Suicide is the action or an act of intentionally killing oneself. Suicide is the act of terminating one's own life. Suicide may be a result of depression, desperation, ego, anomie, altruism or other situations. In the present world, suicide has also become a form of protest. 30% of all suicides worldwide occur in India and China. Suicides by farmers in India as on December 31, 2015 stood at 3,228.
Suicide is NEVER the answer, getting help is the answer. If you are suicidal, you will find help, hope, comfort, understanding, support, love, and extensive resources at suicide.org.
David Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) argued against Psychological Reductionism in his study of suicide by arguing, and demonstrating, that even after providing a psychological explanation for individual acts of suicide there was something still to account for: the difference in suicide rates between societies.
Why successful models commit suicide? Different types of Suicide include Altruistic Suicide, Egoistic Suicide, Anomic Suicide and Fatalistic Suicide. Medically assisted suicide or euthanasia is a controversial ethical issue involving people who are terminally ill. Kamikaze and suicide bombing have become military or terrorist tactic. (Books on Suicide).
Sati, a Hindu funeral practice where the widow commits suicide by immolating herself on her husband's funeral pyre, is still prevalent in many parts of India, but goes unreported.
Firearms are the most common method for suicide (55% of suicides are committed with a firearm). So it is imperative that a suicidal person should not have access to a firearm.
Social suicide-rate can be explained only sociologically. At any given moment the moral constitution of society establishes the contingent of voluntary deaths. There is, therefore, for each people a collective force of a definite amount of energy, impelling men to self-destruction.
In America almost 30,000 people commit suicide every year, and 70% of those people give warning signs before taking their own life. Stop A Suicide Today! can teach you how to recognize the warning signs of suicide in family, friends, co-workers, and patients, and how to respond as you would do with any medical emergency. - stopasuicide.org
Befrienders Worldwide -
According to World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates, each year approximately one million people die from suicide, which represents a global mortality rate of 16 people per 100,000 or one death every 40 seconds. By 2020, it is predicted that the rate of death will increase to one every 20 seconds.
In the last 45 years suicide
rates have increased by 60% worldwide. Suicide is now among the three leading causes of
death among those aged 15-44 (male and female). Suicide attempts are up to 20 times more
frequent than successful suicides.
The European Suicide - A research project at the Department of Sociology, Stockholm University. Suicide mortality is investigated in an all European perspectives. On this site you'll find information on the status of Durkheim's theorie of suicide and Parsons' theory of action systems.
Factors Valid Determinants of Suicide? Controlling for National Cultures of Suicide with
Fixed-Effects Estimation - Eric Neumayer, London School of Economics and
Suicide Ideation and
Acculturation among Low Socioeconomic Status Mexican American Adolescents
A Primer on Rational
Suicide and Other Forms of Hastened Death
Durkheim linked anomic suicide to disillusionment and disappointment.
Durkheim distinguished between egoistic, anomic, altruistic, and fatalistic suicide, broad classifications that reflect then-prevailing theories of human behavior.
Durkheim viewed egoistic suicide as a consequence of the deterioration of social and familial bonds.
The term 'altruism' was used by Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) to describe a suicide committed for the benefit of others or for the community: this would include self-sacrifice for military objectives in wartime.
The condition of slavery may make an individual feel that the only way to find escape is suicide. This would be fatalistic suicide because the individual considers himself condemned by fate or doomed to be a slave. A fatalistic situation calling for a fatalistic suicide as a solution or escape.
The category of fatalistic suicide was constructed mainly for purposes of symmetry, as contrasted with egoistic suicide, and because it would undercut his central claims about the role of modern urban life as increasing the incidence of suicide, Durkheim could never seriously examine the possibility that social integration could result in suicide.
Fatalistic suicide served as a descriptor for suicides in traditional societies, because Durkheim was faced with the issue that even in societies with abundant social capital, individuals nevertheless killed themselves.
Causes for suicide in India In