Sociology Index

STRUCTURALIST APPROACH

Structuralist approach is an approach to understanding the role of the state within a conflict perspective or Marxist perspective. Louis Pierre Althusser utilised the structuralist approach to distance himself from the Hegelian methodology he so resented in Karl Marx's work. Althusser adopted the structuralist approach of analysing social phenomena in a purely synchronic and static manner. The structuralist approach typically sees the state doing this through attending to three functions: capital accumulation, legitimation and coercion. The structuralist approach emphasizes how the very way a capitalist economy operates only allows and encourages the state to do some things but not others. Its best known representative was Nicos Poulantzas.

Structuralist Approach established by Wundt studied conscious experience by examining its structure like sensations and feelings using individuals who were trained in introspection. This "school of psychology" became known as structuralism. In the structuralist approach, the state is seen as captured by the structure of capitalism and while having a degree of autonomy or freedom from the dominant class of society finds it must act so as to reproduce the economic and social structures of capitalism.

Class analysis emphasizes the political power of wealthy capitalists. It split into two parts: one is the power structure or instrumentalist marxism, approach, another is the structuralist approach. The power structure approach focuses on Who Rules? and its most well-known representative is G. William Domhoff. 

Analysis of the Singapore model points to a structuralist approach and leads away from a current neoclassical ascendancy in development economics, founded ‘empirically’ in part on the Republic's success as one of the four East Asian dragons. - W. G. Huff..

The Structuralist Approach in Teaching English
Melanie Forstall - Updated May 22, 2019.
The structuralist approach to learning spans across a broad spectrum of disciplines, including sociology, anthropology and language learning. The principles of structuralism are rooted in the theory that any major concepts within a discipline all fit together in a meaningful way. The structuralist approach to teaching English also supports proper use of the language in verbal and written expression. This increases the likelihood that the English leaner will speak and write English in the proper way. Because it starts with the early structures first and builds upward, the structuralist approach is best suited for young students in early elementary.