Sociology Index

STRUCTURAL EXPLANATION

Structural explanation is an explanation for crime, such as homicide, that focuses on social structure, referring to inequality of condition, poverty, or power differentials. The patriarchy structure of the family might help explain the abuse of women and children within the family. Any racial difference in organizational attachment is explained by the structural features of jobs held by racial groups rather than by race or other variables identified in the culture of poverty thesis or human capital theories. Sociologists argue that the racial structure of the USA and the depth of its poverty and the weakness of its welfare state compared to Canada, might help explain the difference in homicide rates. There is a need to investigate the importance of cultural/behavioral and materialist/structuralist explanations for socioeconomic status of inequalities in health, and to examine the interrelationship between them.

STRUCTURAL EXPLANATION ABSTRACTS

Racial Differences on Organizational Attachment? Structural Explanation of Attitude Differences Between White and African American Employees - Mahmoud Kashefi. This study examines and explains differences between White and Black employees in organizational attachment. Using 1991 General Social Survey data, the findings are strongly consistent with the structural explanation of organizational attachment; the difference of average organizational attachment between Black and White employees is minor but significant. Race displays a nonsignificant coefficient with organizational attachment when the structural features of jobs were kept constant.

Behavioural and structural explanation of socio-economic inequalities in health: an empirical evidence analysis. Karien Stronks, H. Dike Van De Mheen, Casper W. N. Looman and Johan P. Mackenbach. We used data from a survey among a sample of the population in the southeastern part of the Netherlands. When analysed separately, both behavioral and structural factors contributed substantially to observed inequalities in health. In a simultaneous analysis, both groups of factors had a substantial part of their contribution in common.

A Theory of the Preferred Worker: A Structural Explanation for Black Male Dominance in Basketball
Scott N. Brooks - Michael A. McKail - University of California - Riverside, USA
Black males' 'dominance' in basketball is taken for granted and often explained in terms of racial difference and socio-environmental factors. Power needs to be considered for a fuller understanding. This article does this, providing a structural perspective of black male integration into basketball that builds from Edna Bonacich's work on labor and group relations.

Structural explanation in sociology: The egalitarian imperative
David Rubinstein, Department of Sociology, University of Illinois at Chicago. Abstract The concept of opportunity is widely used in sociology to explain unequal attainments. In this approach the actor is seen as controlled by structures of ineqality of opportunity, rather than by culture or personality. This model is nearly identical with homo economicus. However, social order is conceived more sociologically.