Sociology Index

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STRATOCRACY

In a stratocracy there is no difference between the state and the military and government positions are occupied by military leaders. Stratocracy is not the same as a military dictatorship or military junta where the military's political power is not enforced or even supported by other laws. The military chiefs head the government in stratocracy. The military's political power in stratocracy is supported by law and the society. Stratocracy need not be autocratic in order to preserve its right to rule. A classic example of stratocracy is the State Peace and Development Council of Myanmar, which ruled from 1997 to 2011, differed from most other military dictatorships in that it completely abolished the civilian constitution and legislature. Stratocracy cemented the military's hold on power through mechanisms such as reserving 25% of the seats in the legislature for military personnel. A long lived example of Stratocratic state is Rome, though the stratocratic system developed overtime. Totalitarianism integrates with power monopoly, in all cases. However, when it is born out of hybrid of the military institution and a dogmatic elite, it turns more into a stratocracy. The overseas territory of United Kingdom, the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia on the island of Cyprus, is an example of a stratocracy in which British Forces Cyprus governs the territory, with a Major-General serving as administrator from 2019.

Military dictatorship results from a coup d'état. Military dictatorship may be official or unofficial and may not qualify as stratocratic. Military dictatorships is contrasted with Communist State. In Communist states, the center of power rests among civilian party officials. Totalitarianism is considered to be an extreme version of authoritarianism. They may be official or unofficial and may not qualify as stratocratic. Dictatorship is government that has the power to govern without consent of those being governed. Dictatorship is a contrast to democracy.

Stratocracy Theory of Governance and Development in Nigeria: Ex-President Olusegun Obasanjo Administrations as a Model. - Alexandra Adetutu Oseni.
Abstract: This particular study is testing the stratocracy theory of government and development. The researcher used paired sample t-test to compare the means of the different regimes under stratocracy system of governance. As part of the study findings, the researcher fails to reject the stratocracy hypothesis with respect to the overall economic growth rates between the two different administrations under Olusegun Obasanjo periods of governance. The type of Olusegun Obasanjo governance and his contribution to economic growth can be termed as stratocracy system of government. The researcher concluded that stratocracy is very important in ensuring economic growth because it is characterized by a political philosophy which holds that certain things, such as economic goods or power, should be vested in individuals on the basis of talent, effort, and achievement, rather than factors such as sexuality, race, gender, or wealth.

Stratocracy: The Growing Hypertrophy of the LifeWorld Militarization
The Marketing of War in the Age of Neo-Militarism. Edited ByKostas Gouliamos, Christos Kassimeris. "It is stratocracy that gives legitimacy to the Patriot Act, justifies the illegal occupation of foreign countries, defends the ill treatment of detainees at Guantanamo."