Sociology Index

STATUS OFFENCE

Status offence is a delinquency or crime that can only be committed by people occupying a particular status. The Juvenile Delinquents Act created criminal status offence of school truancy, incorrigibility, sexual immorality and violations of liquor laws. Only young people could be charged with or found to commit status offence because of these behaviors.

It was found that approximately 20% of young girls coming to youth court did so because of their sexual behavior while few boys were brought to court on these grounds.

Smoking and symbolism: children, communication and cigarettes 
J. Rugk�sa, O. Kennedy, M. Barton, P. S. Abaunza, M. P. Treacy, and B. Knox 
Northern Ireland Centre for Diet and Health, School of Biomedical Sciences
This paper about status offence. It argues that it is necessary to focus on the social relations of children if we are to understand and prevent childhood smoking.

Addressing the complex issue of childhood agency, it is argued that regardless of various restrictions to their choices, children can act (status offence) intentionally in constructing their identities. Instead of viewing the smoking children as communicating with the adult world, we focus on smoking as negotiation of status within the children's culture.

Such negotiations utilize symbolism derived from and shared with the 'adult world'. It is suggested that the metaphor 'rite of passage' and terminology such as peer 'pressure' versus adult 'influence', commonly used to analyse the children's smoking behavior, may actually conceal important aspects of childhood agency.

Adolescent Outcomes and Welfare Reform An Analysis Based on the Survey of Program Dynamics - Eileen Trzcinski PhD, Associate Professor, Jerrold Brandell PhD, Professor, Lynda Ferro MSW, Deborah Smith MSW, School of Social Work, Wayne State University
Abstract: This article presents research that examines potential effects of welfare reform on children in late childhood through adolescence. The research used the Survey of Program Dynamics to examine the links between outcomes for adolescents, source of income, mother's employment, and welfare reform. Specifically, the research examined how poverty status and family welfare receipt during middle childhood interact with current poverty status and welfare receipt during adolescence to influence a range of outcomes for adolescents. The outcomes that are examined include both parent reports and a set of indicators that are available in the 1998 adolescent self-administered questionnaire. Overall the study found that school outcome variables, status offence / criminal behavior variables and substance use and abuse are the adolescent outcomes which are most sensitive to differences in income, patterns of program participation and the timing and extent of maternal employment. - Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment: a professional journal Volume: 12 Issue: 2/3.