Sociology Index

STATISTICAL SCHOOL

Statistical School is associated with early social scientists like Adolphe Quetelet and Andre-Michel Guerry, who began to explore the structure of emerging European societies with the assistance of statistical methods. While their early use of statistics is important Statistical School also developed a structural explanation of crime and other social problems.

Although Statistical School's work was to become important later, it was overshadowed by the importance given to the more individualistic theories of Lombroso.

There are many other Statistical Schools:

British biometrical/statistical school of genetics that was particularly active in the first half of the 20th century.

The "Portuguese Statistical School of Extremes", which today is internationally respected.

Statistical School for Anthropologists.

Russian statistical school of XVIII-XIX centuries.

Encounter with the Italian Statistical School: A conversation with Carlo Benedetti.

Are the Astrophysical and Statistical Schools of Irreversibility Compatible?
BENJAMIN GAL-OR, Department of Aeronautics, Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa
A SERIOUS crisis at the foundations of natural sciences has been generated recently by the astrophysical school of thought which maintains that the origin of irreversibility and all time asymmetries observed in nature can be traced back to initial conditions which gave rise to the present expansion of the universe as a whole. The astrophysical school has been considered to be in serious contradiction to the more established statistical school which claims that irreversibility and time asymmetries originate in the nature of macroscopic observations; that is, in the macroscopic instrument which records information and which retains a record of it.