Sociology Index

SOMATOTYPES

Somatotypes refers to body types and behind this idea lies the belief of early criminologists that there were distinctive body types and these types called somatotypes were associated with personality and temperament.

It was believed that the mesomorph with a well-built, muscular body (note the sexist connotation of this) was associated with aggressive personality, insensitive to pain and tended to act impulsively. Somatotyping is a method of description and assessment of the body on three shape and composition scales: endomorphy somatotypes (relative fatness), mesomorphy somatotypes (relative musculoskeletal robustness), and ectomorphy somatotypes (relative linearity).

Somatotyping : Development and Applications (Cambridge Studies in Biological and Evolutionary Anthropology) by J. E. Lindsay Carter, Barbara Honeyman Heath, C. G. Nicholas Mascie-Taylor, R. A. Foley, Nina Jablonski, Karen Strier, Michael Little, Kenneth M. Weiss (Editors)
Review: Somatotyping : Development and Applications is a valuable discussion of the somatotype concept and an excellent compilation of available somatotype data.

It should be among the reference books of human biologists and sport scientists." Robert M. Malina, American Journal of Human Biology.
Book Description: The first major account of the somatotyping field in over thirty years, this volume presents a comprehensive history of somatotyping, beginning with W.H. Sheldon's introduction to the method in 1940. The controversies regarding the validity of Sheldon's method are described, as are the various attempts to modify the technique, particularly the Heath-Carter method, which has come into widespread use. Somatotyping is a method of description and assessment of the body on three shape and composition scales: endomorphy (relative fatness), mesomorphy (relative musculoskeletal robustness), and ectomorphy (relative linearity). The book reviews present knowledge of somatotypes around the world, how they change with growth, aging and exercise, and the contributions of genetics and environment to the rating. Also reviewed are the relationships among somatotypes and sport, physical performance, health and behavior.

Twin resemblance in somatotype and comparisons with other twin studies : An article from: Human Biology by T.M.K. Song, L. Perusse, R.M. Malina, C. Bouchard
Book Description: Twin resemblance in somatotype and comparisons with other twin studies : An article from: Human Biology is an article from Human Biology, published by Wayne State University Press on June 1, 1994. The length of the article is 3757 words. The page length shown above is based on a typical 300-word page. The article is delivered in HTML format and is available in your Amazon.com Digital Locker immediately after purchase. You can view it with any web browser.
From the author: Twin resemblance in somatotype components was considered in 28 male and 34 female monozygotic (MZ) twin pairs and 19 male and 21 female dizygotic (DZ) twin pairs, 9.3-23.5 years of age. The Heath-Carter anthropometric somatotype method was used. Mean somatotypes of male twins and female twins did not differ, whereas male twins were significantly more mesomorphic than female twins. Twin resemblance was evaluated in two ways: first, treating each somatotype component independently of the other two (as in earlier twin studies), and, second, looking at resemblance in each somatotype component after statistically controlling for the other two components (thus treating the somatotype as a composite). Intraclass correlations were consistently higher in MZ than in DZ twins of both sexes, and within-pair variances were consistently lower in MZ than in DZ twins of both sexes. However, after controlling for the effects of the other two somatotype components, within-pair variances of male MZ and DZ twins for each somatotype component did not differ. In general, Heath-Carter anthropometric somatotype components show (1) significant resemblance in MZ and DZ twins within each sex, although the degree of resemblance is altered in male twins when a different analytic strategy is used, (2) no sex difference in degree of resemblance, and (3) greater resemblance within MZ twin pairs than within DZ twin pairs. These results are compatible with the presence of genetic variation affecting physique in adolescents and young adults.

Genetic and environmental influences on somatotype components: family study in a Spanish population. : An article from: Human Biology by Angeles Sanchez-Andres
Genetic and environmental influences on somatotype components is an article from Human Biology, published by Wayne State University Press on October 1, 1995. The length of the article is 4262 words. The page length shown above is based on a typical 300-word page. The article is delivered in HTML format and is available in your Amazon.com Digital Locker immediately after purchase. You can view it with any web browser.

Somatotyping Development and Applications. Twin resemblance in somatotype. Genetic and environmental influences on somatotype components.