Sociology Index

Sociology of Leisure And Sport

To stimulate and communicate research, critical thought, and theory development on issues pertaining to the sociology of leisure and sport. To cover all aspects of sport and leisure globally from anthropological, cultural, economic, historical, political and sociological perspectives. Because athletics traditionally has been seen as incompatible with traditional roles for women, female athletes have been expected to experience gender role conflict as they attempt to identify with incompatible roles. Though negative stereotypes of female athletes persist, research has found little such conflict. Sport is a popular leisure activity in the United States and has become a large promotional tool for big business.

Introduction to the Evolution of Leisure - LEISURE - Freedom from occupation or business; vacant time; time free from employment. "The desire of leisure is much more natural than of business and care." -- Sir W. Temple.

SOSOL is an international electronic forum for the stimulation and dissemination of research concepts and theory relating to the sociological examination of sport, physical education and coaching.

Research Committee on Sociology of Sport RC27.
Objectives: The Research Committee on Sociology of Sport was established to achieve the aims of the International Council of Sport Science and Physical Education and ISA, and in particular, to further research and scholarship related to the social meaning and significance of physical activity and sport; to promote international cooperation in the field of sociology of sport; to identify sociological problems in sport, and where appropriate, organize international research projects concerning same.

Sociology of Leisure and Sport Books

Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology - Robert Weinberg and Daniel Gould
In the newly revised and updated Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology, third edition, students and professionals will find a comprehensive array of information that bridges the gap between research and practice and captures the excitement of the world of sport and exercise. The following are new features of this third edition:
Extensive material on motivation, social loafing, and group development
Expanded coverage of leaders in sport, including information on expectations, values, beliefs, and behavioral guidelines for coaches
Research on anxiety and team-energizing strategies.

Comprehensive data on hypnosis phases, techniques, and their effects
Details on the use of imagery in sport
An entire section on goal mapping
Updated information on eating disorders in sport
A comprehensive section on exercise addiction
Material on sport aggression, moral development, cooperation, and gender differences in competition.

Coalter, F (1982) Leisure Sociology or the Sociology of Leisure? Papers in Leisure Studies; No. 4, Polytechnic of North London

Johannis, T.B. & Bull C.N. (eds.) (1971) Sociology of Leisure, Contemporary Social Science Issues 1, Sage

Mommaas, H (1996) Leisure Research in Europe: Methods and Traditions, CAB International,

Parker S (1976) The Sociology of Leisure, Studies in Sociology; 9, Allen & Unwin, London

Roberts, K (1981) Leisure (2nd Edition), Longman, London

Stockdale, J. E. (1987) Methodological Techniques on Leisure Research, Sports Council and Economic and Social Research Council, London

Veal, A J (1997) Research Methods for Leisure and Tourism: A Practical Guide, Leisure Management Series (2nd Edition), Pitman in association with the Institute of Leisure and Amenity Management, London

Four kinds of Tourism? Elery Hamilton-Smith, Philip Institute of Technology, Australia.

Sociology of Leisure And Sport Journals

The International Journal of Urban Labour and Leisure - We hope that by introducing this journal we can open a new chapter of research that combines many disciplines; sociology, public administration, politics, psychology, housing management, economics, social history, leisure studies, mass communication, social work and many others.

Japan Journal of Sport Sociology - The Japan Society of Sport Sociology was established in March 1991. The purpose of it is to understand sport sociologically, in all its social manifestations.

Sociology of Sport Journal (SSJ) - Official Publication of the North American Society for the Sociology of Sport (NASSS). - Published four times a year, the Sociology of Sport Journal was created to stimulate and communicate research, critical thought, and theory development on issues pertaining to the sociology of sport. The journal publishes empirical, theoretical, and position papers, book reviews, and critical essays. Analyses of sport from diverse theoretical and methodological perspectives are encouraged and submissions concerning with sport, play, games, exercise, leisure, and body culture are welcomed.

Journal of Sport and Social Issues - For you, the scholar of sport and culture, sports do matter. That's why the Journal of Sport & Social Issues is such an indispensable resource. JSSI brings you the latest research, discussion and analysis on contemporary sport issues. Using an international, interdisciplinary perspective, JSSI examines today's most pressing and far-reaching questions about sport.

The Sport Journal - A Publication of the United States Sports Academy in cooperation with the International Coaches Association and the International Association of Sports Academies.

The LA84 Foundation operates the largest sports research library in North America, the Paul Ziffren Sports Resource Center. It is a state-of-the-art research facility and learning center dedicated to the advancement of sports knowledge and scholarship. The Foundation also maintains a sizable collection of historic sport art and artifacts much of which was inherited from the former Helms Athletic Foundation Sports Halls of Fame.

Soccer and Society is the first international journal devoted to the world's most popular game. It will cover all aspects of soccer globally from anthropological, cultural, economic, historical, political and sociological perspectives. The international nature of Soccer and Society means that articles submitted in French, Italian and Spanish will be translated on submission and then considered for publication. Soccer and Society will encourage and favour clearly written research, analysis and comment. ISSN 1466-0970.

Sport Management Review is the official journal of the Sport Management Association of Australia and New Zealand. The review looks at sport from a management perspective.

The Journal of Olympic History, the official publication of the International Society of Olympic Historians contains in-depth articles on Olympic topics from around the globe.

The Journal of Sport History has been published by the North American Society for Sport History since 1974. The journal seeks to promote the study of all aspects of sport history.

The Online Journal of Sport Psychology. Over the past several years, both coaches and athletes have started to realize that strength, speed and other athletic skills are not sufficient for the production of championship athletes. Athletic performance has three parts: physical preparation, technical skill, and psychological readiness. This model suggests that if any of the above areas
are neglected, athletic performance will decline. However, psychological preparation is the component that is most often neglected by athletes and coaches alike.

Sociology of Leisure and Sport Abstracts

Soccer goes global. (Global Newsstand) - Richard Giulianotti - Soccer's recent World Cup finals in Japan and South Korea exemplify how the world's premier sport has become fully globalized. Before a worldwide television audience of more than 30 billion fans, 32 national teams from all continents. Soccer's diffusion and political structure offer an advanced case study in the globalization of a cultural form. Yet a closer look suggests that soccer's global advance, like many globalization processes, is less widespread than first meets the eye.

Female Athletes: Being both Athletic and Feminine
W. Stephen Royce, Janet L. Gebelt, & Robert W. Duff , University of Portland
Abstract: Because athletics traditionally has been seen as incompatible with traditional roles for women, female athletes have been expected to experience gender role conflict as they attempt to identify with incompatible roles. However, while negative stereotypes of female athletes persist, research has found little such conflict. In this study, questionnaire and interview data from male and female college athletes and nonathletes suggest some explanations for this.

Cuba: Before and after the ‘Wall’ came down - Robert Chappell, Brunel University, London
“Cuba’s current Socialist government is organised according to notions of Marxist-Leninist democratic centralism, with decision making centralised at the national level. Policy making and funding are centralised in all areas including sport” (Petavino & Pye, 1996, p. 117). Sport now became a means of displaying antagonism towards the U.S. and as a vehicle for confirming solidarity with the Soviet Union.

Sport in Turkey: the Post-Islamic Republican Period - By: Ergun Yurdadon, Ph.D.
A Brief Evaluation of Development of Turkish Sport from 1839 to 1923
Although the modern Turkish Republic was officially established in 1923, the liberalization, secularization and the democratization process of the Republic was initiated in 1839. All of these three phases occurred in conjunction with the Tanzimat reforms, which granted partial constitutional rights to the Turkish people.

Soccer Culture in Brazil
By: Antonio J. Muller, Doctoral Student in Education, The University of Texas at El Paso
Brazil is considered the premier soccer country. Soccer is a “way of life” for millions of Brazilians and exerts an immense influence in a social context. However, soccer could be used in a more appropriate way by its inclusion in Brazil’s schools. The purpose of this paper is to understand the unique characteristics and social impact of soccer in Brazil.

Japan Journal of Sport Sociology - Abstract: Both theoretical and empirical sociological works tell as that rapid social change in a local society might produce conflicts and problems. This paper tells the story about what happened to the community of Lillehammer (23,000 inhabitants) during the construction period and during the 16 olympics days.

A Season Long Case Study Investigation of Collective Efficacy In Male Intercollegiate Basketball - David MacLean & Philip Sullivan, Department of Physical Education and Kinesiology, Brock University.
Abstract: Collective efficacy is defined as a group’s shared belief, which emerges from an aggregation of individual group members’ perception of the group’s capabilities to succeed at a given task (Bandura, 1986). The present study used a case study design to explore the relationships between collective efficacy and performance over the course of one season.

A Prospective Analysis Of Self-Determined Sport Motivation And Sportspersonship Orientations - Yves Chantal & Iouri Bernache-Assollant, University de Limoges, Limoges, France.
In recent years, a number of authors from various fields have advocated the need for studying sportspersonship more
extensively (Morgan, Meier & Schneider, 2001). Sportspersonship can be defined as “concern and respect for the rules and officials, social conventions, the opponent, as well as one's full commitment to one's sport and the relative absence of a negative approach to sport participation.”

Trail, G. T., Fink, J. S., & Anderson, D. F. (2003). Sport spectator consumption behavior. Sport Marketing Quarterly, 12, 8-17. - Abstract: The competition for the sport consumer dollar has increased tremendously in recent years. A better understanding of why sport spectators and fans consume media and merchandise would benefit sport marketers and managers greatly.