Sociology Index

SOCIOLOGY OF DISABILITY

Sociology of disability examines the social construction of disability, its historical, institutional, organizational contexts, and emotional dimensions. The debates within the sociology of disability include many theoretical and interpretive frameworks that have been utilized to examine the social construction of disability.

Len Barton’s intellectual and practical contribution to the sociology of disability and education is widely known.

What constitutes sociology of disability? What has been the social history of disability? How does our society read the DISABLED body? How have liberal theories explained disability?

We need a conceptual map of the sociology of disability to understand disability. One of the most crucial factors in the deconstruction of disability is the change of perspective that causes us to look in the environment for both the source of the problem and the solutions. - Wendell.

Disability is a disadvantage or restriction of activity caused by a contemporary social organization which takes little account of people who have physical impairments and thus excludes them from participation in the mainstream of social activities. - Michael Oliver.

"Disability is socially constructed by such factors as expectations of performance, the physical and social organization of societies on the basis of a young, non-disabled, 'ideally shaped,' healthy adult male paradigm of citizens, the failure or nonwillingness to create ability among citizens who do not fit the paradigm, and cultural representations. - Wendell.

The social model of disability "does not deny the problem of disability but locates it squarely within society. It is not Disability or individual limitations, of whatever kind, which are the cause of the problem but society's failure to provide appropriate services and adequately ensure the needs of disabled people are fully taken into account in its social organizations, the consequences of this failure do not simply and randomly fall on individuals but systematically upon disabled people as a group who experience this failure as discrimination institutionalized throughout society. - Michael Oliver.

Sociology Of Disability Abstracts

The sociology of disability and the struggle for inclusive education.
Julie Allan (2010) The sociology of disability and the struggle for inclusive education, British Journal of Sociology of Education, 31:5, 603-619.
Abstract: Charts the emergence of the sociology of disability and examines the areas of contestation. The paper considers the contribution of the sociology of disability to inclusive education and examines some of the objections currently being voiced. It ends with some reflections on the possibilities for academics within the sociology of disability to pursue alternative forms of engagement and outlines a series of duties that they might undertake.

Sociology of Disability in India: A Victim of Disciplinary Apathy
Vikash Kumar, Ketaki Dwivedi.
Abstract: The recognition of disability as a human rights and developmental issue encouraged social scientists to study the phenomenon of disability more scientifically and objectively. Unlike Western academia, the issue of disability has not found space in India. The present article seeks to locate disability as an indispensible part of the curricular of the Indian sociology discipline; rejecting the ‘charity’ outlook favoured by sections of academia, policy makers, bureaucracy, activists and the general populace towards disabled people.

Books On Sociology Of Disability

Disability and Diversity: A Sociological Perspective
Mark Sherry, Nova Science Publishers, 2008. This book highlights the factors that portray that some social groups experience disabilities more often than others.

The Sociology of Disability and Inclusive Education: A Tribute to Len Barton 1st Edition. by Madeleine Arnot.

Sociologies of Disability and Illness: Contested Ideas in Disability Studies and Medical Sociology. By Carol Thomas (Author). Sociologies of Disability reviews and compares the conflicting perspectives on disability and chronic illness found in disability studies and medical sociology.

Disability Protests: Contentious Politics, 1970-1999 - by Sharon N. Barnartt, Richard Scotch.