Sociology of Music, Sociology of Films, Casting Couch
Sociology of art is concerned with the social worlds of art and aesthetics. Recent developments argues for seeing this work in terms of the label the New Sociology of Art. It considers four major lines of re-assessment being carried out by sociologists studying the arts: firstly, a reconsideration of the relationship between sociological and other disciplinary approaches to art; secondly, the possibility of an art-sociology as against a sociology of art; thirdly, the application of insights from the sociology of art to non-art `stuff '; and, fourthly, the sociology of the artwork conceived as a contingent social fact.
The argument is made that these developments represent an advance on the tendency to limit sociological investigations of the arts to contextual or external factors. The New Sociology of Art is praised for framing questions about the aesthetic properties of art and artworks in a way that is compatible with social constructionsim. - The `New Sociology of Art': Putting Art Back into Social Science Approaches to the Arts - Eduardo de la Fuente - Monash University.
Mobilization of the Arts - Joseph W.
Ruane - Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and Science
Sociologists have studied the world of art in identifying role differentiation (Parsons, 1951: 408-14), the deviance within jazz subcultures (Becker, 1963), the structures within which the artist survives (Crane, 1987), or the art world itself as the unit of analysis (Becker, 1982). Our interest will be an extension of the commercial elements surrounding art.
In writing about Art and the State, Becker (1982: 165) relates that states and the governmental apparatus which they operate, participate in the production and distribution of art within their borders. He goes on to say that many states regard art more or less as a good thing, at the very least as a sign of cultural development. To support art the state makes laws and regulations which favor the arts and artists. An artistıs work is treated as commodity, protected by property laws and copyright laws.
For a sociology of art and artists -
Danila Bertasio and Giorgio Marchetti
The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, to illustrate the theoretical premises and the methodological approach on which the work of our group is based; second, to describe the research we have carried out until now. We strongly believe that art can constitute a subject of the sociological research as long as the latter sets as its objective not only that of describing, explaining and predicting how the former reflects cultural events, but also how it generates new and different ones. The main problem is then to devise a level of analysis capable of avoiding the dangerous forms of reductionism represented by considering art as a variable either completely dependent on or completely independent of society.