Sociology Index

Sociological Methodology

Books on Sociological Methodology, Bibliography, Journals

Methods of research in the social sciences. Methods best suited to research questions, measure concepts, apply sampling procedures, understand data collection strategies, and analyze data.

METHODOLOGICAL HOLISM: An orientation in research and analysis where the aim is to understand the phenomenon under investigation in its totality as unique and apart from its component parts, rather than to seek to fragment it into known or familiar components. The key idea, in essence, is that the whole differs from the sum of the parts not only in quantity but in quality.

METHODOLOGICAL INDIVIDUALISM: The belief that all sociological explanations can be reduced to characteristics of individuals who make up the society. This position is also known as ‘psychologism’: explaining social phenomenon in terms of the psychological dispositions of members of society.

This is a rejection of macro-structuralists working in the tradition of Emile Durkheim or Karl Marx who assumed that the characteristics of individuals need not be considered. They argued that social facts (society) had an existence of their own and that it was these which sociologists were interested in.


The study or critique of methods. There are many philosophical issues around the use of a particular method or about positivism or measurement itself.

SAGE Publications/SRM Database of Social Research Methodology. Description: Searches more than 43,000 literature references on research methodology from across the social sciences quickly, easily and comprehensively.

American Statistical Association.

Center for Statistics and the Social Sciences, University of Washington.

Comparative Methods - a resource site for researchers and practitioners interested in comparative methods and Small N analysis, and more specifically -but not only- those interested in Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) and Fuzzy-Sets

Counterfactual Causal Analysis in Sociology - Website that provides access to articles on causal analysis methods.

Discussion Papers in Statistics and Econometrics.l

ICPSR Summer Training Program - The Summer Program provides a comprehensive, integrated program of studies in research design, statistics, data analysis, and social methodology.

INSNA - Website for the International Network for Social Network Analysis

Institute for Social Research (ISR) - The Institute for Social Research (ISR) at the University of Michigan is one of the nation's longest-standing laboratory for interdisciplinary research in the social sciences

Population Association of America.

Population Research Institute, University of Pennsylvania.

Quantitative Methodology Program - an interdisciplinary program at the Survey Research Center (SRC) of the Institute for Social Research (ISR) at the University of Michigan. QMP promotes innovative research at the intersections of social science and statistical science.

Sociology Research Institute, University of Minnesota.

SRC Summer Institute - The Summer Institute provides rigorous and high quality graduate training in all phases of survey research. The program teaches state-of-the-art practice and theory in the design, implementation, and analysis of surveys.