Sociology Index

Social Solidarity

David Emile Durkheim was interested in understanding what holds society together though it is made up of people with specialized roles and responsibilities. In The Division of Labor in Society, Durkheim provides an answer using an external indicator of solidarity, the law, to reveal two types of social solidarity, Mechanical Solidarity and Organic Solidarity. To build a good society altruism, morality, and social solidarity are essential ingredients. Altruism and social solidarity are about activities intended to benefit the welfare of others. Morality entails distinctions between good and evil, and between right and wrong. Altruism and social solidarity lead to moral culture.

Collective Solidarity refers to a state of social bonding or interdependency which has foundation in similarity of belief, values and shared activities. David Emile Durkheim argued that social solidarity takes different forms in different historical periods and varies in strength among groups in the same society. However, reflecting the popularity of social evolutionary thought in the late nineteenth century, Durkheim summarized all historical forms of solidarity into a traditional modern dichotomy. Difficulty in discussing social solidarity arises from the generality of the term. David Emile Durkheim argues in 'The Division of Labor in Society' that the type of social solidarity has changed, due to the increasing division of labor.

Social Solidarity Abstracts

Social Solidarity, Human Rights, and Collective Action: Considerations in the Implementation of the National Health Insurance in South Africa, Renate Douwes, Maria Stuttaford, and Leslie London. Abstract: Participation is recognized as an important contribution to implementing the right to health. It features as a key element of the global movement to achieve universal health coverage. This paper explores the interplay of trust, reciprocity, and altruism and how these individual actions can advance toward solidarity and collective action.

Durkheim’s Theory of Social Solidarity and Social Rules
Alexander Gofman. Abstract: It is obvious and generally accepted that, in one form or another, social solidarity was always the focus of David Emile Durkheim’s attention. In fact, for him, it serves as a synonym for the normal state of society, while absence of it is a deviation from that normal state, or social pathology. The theme of solidarity permeates all David Emile Durkheim’s work. His first course of lectures at the University of Bordeaux, read in the years 1887–1888, was not by chance called Social Solidarity, while his doctoral thesis (1893) was devoted to the demonstration of the basic role of the division of labor in building, maintaining, and reinforcing social solidarity (David Emile Durkheim [1984] 1997). It is true that David Emile Durkheim gradually moved away from social solidarity, probably due to its massive use outside social science and the thinker’s unwillingness to become a victim of the idols of the marketplace or those of the theatre. 

Classical Concepts of Social Solidarity As The Basis of Theoretical Studies on The Institutions of Modern Civil Society. Irina Vladimirovna Naletovaa, Alexander Vladimirovich Okatova, Olga Valentinovna Zhulikovab.
Abstract: The given article is focused on identifying the position and role of social solidarity within classical sociology that would make it possible to use this heuristic potential in modern practices as well. The study considers the concepts of social solidarity developed by the representatives of classical sociology. The suggested approach makes it possible to obtain more comprehensive and profound understanding of the structure and essence of modern civil society. The result of the investigation is represented by the justification of the thesis that modern civil society encompasses social solidarity as an inseparable component which cannot be investigated otherwise than being duly supported by classical sociological theories
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