Social Reaction Theory
Social reaction theory or labeling theory is concerned with how the self-identity and behavior of individuals may be determined or influenced by the terms used to describe or classify them, and is associated with the concept of a self-fulfilling prophecy and stereotyping.
Lemert, a social reaction theorist, was as the founder of the societal reaction theory approach.
Primary deviance arises for a wide variety of reasons, biological, psychological, and/or sociological.
Secondary, or intensified deviance becomes a means of defense, attack, or adaptation to the problems caused by social reaction to primary deviant behavior.
Social reaction theory's claim that the process of defining and suppressing deviance is important to social solidarity.