Social Disorganization Theory
SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION THEORY is
the theory that crime and other deviant behavior is
most likely to occur where social institutions are not able to direct and control group of individuals. In Social Disorganization
Theory it is argued that gangs will arise spontaneously in social contexts that are weakly
Some criminologists think that the
concept of social disorganization in social disorganization theory just reflects middle-class failure to comprehend organization different from
Further Testing of Social
Disorganization Theory: An Elaboration of Sampson and Groves's "Community Structure
and Crime" BONITA M. VEYSEY, STEVEN F. MESSNER
Sampson and Groves analyze data from 238 British neighborhoods to test the mediating
effect of indicators of social disorganization variables on
the relationship between structural community characteristics
and crime. Sampson and Groves's integrated theory of community-level social
disorganization. Sampson and Groves's argument regarding the mediating effect of social
disorganization variables is only partially supported. Social disorganization is not one
construct but rather represents several mechanisms by which communities maintain
New Directions in Social
Disorganization Theory - Charis E. Kubrin, George Washington University,
Ronald Weitzer, George Washington University
Social disorganization theory focuses on the relationship between neighborhood structure, social control, and crime. Recent theoretical and work with empirical evidence on the relationship between community characteristics and crime has led to important
refinements of social disorganization theory, yet there remain some substantive
deficiencies and deficiencies in methodology in this body of
A Multilevel Assessment of
Social Disorganization Theory in Taipei, Taiwan
SHU-LUNG YANG, National Chung-Cheng University
JOHN P. HOFFMANN, University of Chicago
That Shaw and McKay's social disorganization model continues to be a notable explanation
of crime and delinquency. The plausibility of social disorganization theory in a Chinese
cultural setting has not been well investigated.
Homicide - A County-Level Analysis Utilizing Social Disorganization Theory -
Christina Lanier - University of Delaware, Newark - Lin Huff-Corzine, University
of Central Florida, Orlando.
Research on lethal violence has generally been directed at White and African American
populations. National data indicate that American Indians have the highest homicide rates
among racial groups. Whether variation in county-level American Indian homicide rates can
be explained by social disorganization theory.
Emphasizing Fear of Crime in Models of Neighborhood Social Disorganization
- Rachael A Woldoff.
The place of fear of crime in traditional models of neighborhood social disorganization is
ambiguous. Arguing for a model of social disorganization that explicitly incorporates fear
of crime rather than ignoring it. Social disorganization can include the concept of fear
of crime as a mediator between community-level structures.
Organization as a Predictor of Mortality: Analyzing Chicago Neighborhoods - Seth
L Feinberg, Department of Sociology, Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA, USA.
Community social organization is a latent term that captures a variety of social interaction between residents that bring
The Span of Collective
Efficacy: Extending Social Disorganization Theory to Partner Violence -
Christopher R. Browning - Applies the social disorganization perspective on the
neighborhood-level determinants of crime to partner violence.
Replicating Sampson and
Groves's Test of Social Disorganization Theory: Revisiting a Criminological Classic -
Christopher T. Lowenkamp ; Francis T. Cullen ; Travis C. Pratt.
The analysis reveals a relatively high level of empirical
evidence support for the social disorganization perspective.