Sociology Index

Social Disorganization Theory

SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION THEORY is the theory that crime and other deviant behavior is most likely to occur where social institutions are not able to direct and control group of individuals. In Social Disorganization Theory it is argued that gangs will arise spontaneously in social contexts that are weakly controlled.

Some criminologists think that the concept of social disorganization in social disorganization theory just reflects middle-class failure to comprehend organization different from their own.

Further Testing of Social Disorganization Theory: An Elaboration of Sampson and Groves's "Community Structure and Crime" BONITA M. VEYSEY, STEVEN F. MESSNER 
Sampson and Groves analyze data from 238 British neighborhoods to test the mediating effect of indicators of social disorganization variables on the relationship between structural community characteristics and crime. Sampson and Groves's integrated theory of community-level social disorganization. Sampson and Groves's argument regarding the mediating effect of social disorganization variables is only partially supported. Social disorganization is not one construct but rather represents several mechanisms by which communities maintain stability.

New Directions in Social Disorganization Theory - Charis E. Kubrin, George Washington University, Ronald Weitzer, George Washington University 
Social disorganization theory focuses on the relationship between neighborhood structure, social control, and crime. Recent theoretical and work with empirical evidence on the relationship between community characteristics and crime has led to important refinements of social disorganization theory, yet there remain some substantive deficiencies and deficiencies in methodology in this body of work.

A Multilevel Assessment of Social Disorganization Theory in Taipei, Taiwan 
SHU-LUNG YANG, National Chung-Cheng University 
JOHN P. HOFFMANN, University of Chicago 
That Shaw and McKay's social disorganization model continues to be a notable explanation of crime and delinquency. The plausibility of social disorganization theory in a Chinese cultural setting has not been well investigated.

American Indian Homicide - A County-Level Analysis Utilizing Social Disorganization Theory - Christina Lanier - University of Delaware, Newark - Lin Huff-Corzine, University of Central Florida, Orlando.
Research on lethal violence has generally been directed at White and African American populations. National data indicate that American Indians have the highest homicide rates among racial groups. Whether variation in county-level American Indian homicide rates can be explained by social disorganization theory.

Emphasizing Fear of Crime in Models of Neighborhood Social Disorganization - Rachael A Woldoff.
The place of fear of crime in traditional models of neighborhood social disorganization is ambiguous. Arguing for a model of social disorganization that explicitly incorporates fear of crime rather than ignoring it. Social disorganization can include the concept of fear of crime as a mediator between community-level structures.

Community Social Organization as a Predictor of Mortality: Analyzing Chicago Neighborhoods - Seth L Feinberg, Department of Sociology, Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA, USA.
Community social organization is a latent term that captures a variety of social interaction between residents that bring individuals together.

The Span of Collective Efficacy: Extending Social Disorganization Theory to Partner Violence - Christopher R. Browning - Applies the social disorganization perspective on the neighborhood-level determinants of crime to partner violence.

Replicating Sampson and Groves's Test of Social Disorganization Theory: Revisiting a Criminological Classic - Christopher T. Lowenkamp ; Francis T. Cullen ; Travis C. Pratt. 
The analysis reveals a relatively high level of empirical evidence support for the social disorganization perspective.