Social bond is the degree to
which an individual is integrated into the society, or the social.
The binding ties or social
bonding to the family. Social bond also includes social bonding to the school, to the
workplace and to the community.
Social Bond theory was written by Travis Hirschi in 1969.
Social Bond theory later developed into Social Control
While Durkheim first focused
on the importance of the social bond it has gained wide acceptance in the theory and
research of Travis Hirschi. Hirschi argues that as the socal bond is weakened as the
degree of deviant involvement goes up.
Travis Hirschi's Social Bond Theory
Travis Hirschi presented four social bonds which promote socialization and conformity:
attachment, commitment, involvement and belief. According to Travis Hirschi, the stronger
these four bonds, the least likely one would become delinquent. Hirschi first assumes that
everyone has potential to become delinquent and criminal and it is social controls, not
moral values, that maintain law and order. Without controls, he argues, one is free to
commit criminal acts.
bond theory and drunk driving in a sample of college students.(Report): An article from:
College Student Journal by Keith F. Durkin, Scott E. Wolfe, Ross W. May
School Delinquency and the School Social Bond -
PATRICIA H. JENKINS
Using data from a sample of 754 middle school students in Grades 7 and 8, this article
examines the independent effects of the four components of the school social
bondschool commitment, attachment to school, school involvement, and belief in
school ruleson school crime, school misconduct, and school nonattendance. The
results suggest that personal background, family involvement in schooling, and ability
grouping have differential effects on the school bond components. Also, an examination of
the independent effects of the four components of the school social bond suggests that
certain components are more important than others in controlling different types of school
delinquency. These results suggest that the school social bond is an important intervening
mechanism that helps to explain the effects of certain predictor variables on school
crime, school misconduct, and nonattendance in middle schools. -
Shame and the Social Bond: A Sociological Theory -
Thomas J. Scheff
Emotion has long been recognized in sociology as crucially important, but most references
to it are generalized and vague. In this essay, I nominate shame, specifically, as the
premier social emotion. First I review the individualized treatment of shame in
psychoanalysis and psychology, and the absence of social context. Then I consider the
contributions to the social dimensions of shame by six sociologists (Georg Simmel, Charles
Cooley, Norbert Elias, Richard Sennett, Helen Lynd, Erving Goffman) and a
psychologist/psychoanalyst (Helen Lewis). I show that Cooley and Lynd, particularly, made
contributions to a theory of shame and the social bond. Lewis's idea that shame arises
from threats to the bond integrates the contributions of all six sociologists, and points
toward future research on emotion, conflict, and alienation/integration. -
Social Bond Theory and Alcohol Use Among College Students. - Authors: Cherry, Andrew
Abstract: Investigated incidence of alcohol use by college students, relationship among
social bond variables, and ability of social bond variables to predict alcohol use.
Psychosocial scales measuring elements of social bond to the college community were used
successfully to classify abstainers, light-to-moderate drinkers, and heavy drinkers in 74%
of the cases. - eric.ed.gov
An empirical examination of the social bond theory of drug use. - Dull RT.
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between control
theory, measured through a created social bond scale, and the respondents' self-admitted
drug use (alcohol, marijuana, tobacco, amphetamines, and barbiturates). An analysis was
conducted of self-reported drug use data from a general Texas adult population. This
analysis included a series of bivariate cross-comparison correlations between the
independent variable (social bond) and the dependent drug variables. The relationship
between the independent and dependent variables was further examined by calculating the
correlation and level of significance within selected categories of several demographic
(age, race, sex, education, income, and marital status) variables. The results showed a
significant positive correlation between reduced social bonding and greater drug use.
However, while these relationships were significant, they were relatively weak and of
little explanatory value. It was concluded that Hirschi's social bond theory fails to
provide an adequate explanation for the use of drugs within the framework of this
analysis. - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
SOCIAL BOND THEORY AND BINGE DRINKING AMONG COLLEGE
STUDENTS: A MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS.
College Student Journal, September 1, 1999, DURKIN, KEITH F.; WOLFE, TIMOTHY W.; CLARK,
This paper presents the results of a research project that examined the influence of
social bond variables on binge drinking in a sample of college students. A questionnaire
containing items which reflected a number of social bond variables and a measure of
frequency of binge drinking was administered to a sample (n=247) of college students. The
results indicated that nearly all of the social bond measures were inversely related to
the frequency of binge drinking. A multivariate model that used these social bond measures
explained approximately one-quarter of the variance in ...