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What is social stratification? Social stratification lies at the core of society. Social inequality is a fundamental aspect of all social processes, and a person's position in the social stratification system is predictor of his or her behavior, attitudes, and life chances.

In social stratification, society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy. Social stratification links all aspects of society together. Understanding what is happening to social stratification helps us understand changes in society. Sexual stratification is differences of positions of men and women in the work or business setting and the ranking of people in a society according to sex. Social Stratification, unlike Sexual stratification, lies at the core of society. Social stratification is organized into three layers, that is upper class, middle class, and lower class.

Definition Of Social Stratification

Social Stratification is division of people based on wealth, social status and power. Sociologists favour the concept of class. Social stratification is generally inherited from generation to generation. Social stratification is the classification of persons into groups based on common socio-economic conditions.

Social stratification involves inequality and even beliefs. Welfare state research reveals that the state is both a cause and consequence of social stratification. The findings have been ignored in the literature on social stratification and social mobility. Research in Social Stratification includes Social Mobility. Sociologists use both the concepts of class and status to describe the systems of social stratification. 

Many aspects social stratification system in Dani Society conform to an egalitarian model. Protestantism draws the upper ranks of skilled labor and administrative positions in factories. Protestants have been more likely to develop economic rationality than Catholics. Max Weber seeks the explanation in 'the permanent intrinsic character of their religion.'

Social Stratification Abstracts

English Social Stratification - Nature 150, 465-465 (17 October 1942)
Social stratification exists in most societies to a much greater extent than in younger culture-patterns.

Life styles and social stratification: France and Norway compared. - An explorative study.
By Gunn Elisabeth Birkelund, University of Oslo and Yannick Lemel; CREST, INSEE.
A new approach to the discussion on life styles and social stratification. Explores the latent patterns of both life styles and social stratification.

Social stratification and ethnicity in Transylvania: How does social class matter?
Veres, Valer, Publisher: M.E. Sharpe, Inc.
Abstract: Detailed analysis of the stratification of Hungarians from Transylvania. The analysis shows that the three groups constituting the middle class represent approximately 45-50 percent.

Social Stratification and Cultural Consumption: Music in England
Tak Wing Chan and John H. Goldthorpe - European Sociological Review 2007
The relationship between social stratification and cultural consumption.

Social Stratification and Mobility in the World System
Different Approaches and Recent Research
Volker Bornschier, Bruno Trezzini, University of Zurich
Abstract: Recent approaches to world social stratification and highlights changes in paradigms. One reason for conceptual similarities in both fields is increasing social differentiation.

Bipluralism and the Western Democratic State
Gerald D. Jaynesa, Department of Economics and of African American Studies, Yale University
Abstract: The globalization of capitalism and markets has brought poor migrants into affluent nations. Affluent Western democracies are hurtling toward biplural stratification defined by a multiracial underclass.

The Cognitive Origins of Social Stratification
Robert Hoffmann
Abstract: How social stratification can arise in game-playing populations as a result of social categorisation of and inference from arbitrary agent traits.

Privacy and social stratification
Marx, Gary T., Publisher: Transaction Publishers, Inc.
Abstract: Society is becoming stratified on the basis of access to information. New surveillance technologies are likely strengthen traditional forms of social stratification.

Social Stratification in Bogota: From Public Politics to the Dynamics of Social Segregation. URIBE-MALLARINO, Consuelo.
Socioeconomic stratification in Bogota from the perspective of its value as representation of social order and hierarchy.

The Chinese Social Stratification after 1949 - Li, Yi.
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association
Abstract: Chinese social stratification is like a pyramid. Peasant and worker are constants. So far little research has been done on cadre class. This research gives a consistent picture of Chinese social stratification.

Using Metaphors in Dynamic Social Stratification Visualizations
Gousie, M.B. Grady, J. Burrage, B. Grossman, R. Machado, D. Milewski, S. Stuetzle, C.
Dept. of Math Comput. Sci., Wheaton Coll., Norton, MA;

Testing and Social Stratification in American Education
Eric Grodsky, John Robert Warren, and Erika Felts

The associations of social class and social stratification with patterns of general and mental health in a Spanish population
Carles Muntaner, Carme Borrell, Joan Benach, M Isabel Pasarín and Esteve Fernandez


The influence of globalization and social stratification on pandemic processes. Kozlov AA, Skvorcov NG; International Conference on AIDS.

The relationship between cultural consumption and social stratification in Hungary.

The Relationship Between Social Stratification and All-Cause Mortality Among Children in the United States: 1968-1992 - John H. DiLiberti

The economics of early social stratification
Rowthorn, Robert, Guzmán, Ricardo Andrés, Rodríguez-Sickert, Carlos

Social Stratification and its Indices: A Critique
Authors: Hooshang Nayebi; Hamid Abdollahyan - Hamid Abdollahyan, Department of Communication, University of Tehran, Iran; University of Tehran, Iran

The Disenchanted Voter - Emotional Attachment, Social Stratification, and Mediated Politics in Mexico's 2006 Presidential Election - Sallie Hughes, University of Miami, Manuel Alejandro Guerrero, Iberamerican University.

Social Stratification on the Swahili Coast: From race to class?
Constantin F. (1989). Africa, 59, 2, 145-159.
East African coast has been open to foreign demographic and cultural influence. The most recent seaborne group of settlers constituted a new stratum. Migrants from the interior occupied the lowest strata of the social structure.

Continuity and Change in the Social Stratification of Aging and Health Over the Life Course: Evidence From a Nationally Representative Longitudinal Study From 1986 to 2001/2002 (Americans' Changing Lives Study) James S. House, Paula M. Lantz, Pamela Herd

Social Transformation and Social Stratification
by: TsingHua Original Author: Journal of Wuhan University of Hydraulic and Electrical Engineering (Social Sciences Edition).

The Inequality of Fair Play: Lottery Gambling and Social Stratification in Germany
Jens Beckert and Mark Lutter European Sociological Review 2009 25(4):475-488.
Survey conducted on a random sample of the German residential population. Our analysis shows that lotteries are a form of regressive taxation.

Health inequality in adolescence. Does social stratification occur by familial social background, family affluence, or personal social position? - Koivusilta, Rimpelä and Kautiainen - BMC Public Health 2006, 6:110

The Household Registration System and Social Stratification in China: 1955-1996
Wu, Xiaogang, and Donald J. Treiman. 2004. "The Household Registration System and Social Stratification in China: 1955-1996. Demography , 41(2): 363-384.

Understanding the Mechanism of Social Stratification in Contemporary China

Social Inequality and the Sociology of Life Style: Material and Cultural Aspects of Social Stratification. (Focus on Economic Sociology) - Bogenhold, Dieter.

Social Stratification Journals

Research in Social Stratification and Mobility - Research in Social Stratification and Mobility is dedicated to publishing the highest quality, most innovative research on issues of social inequality from a broad diversity of theoretical and methodological perspectives. The journal is also dedicated to cutting edge summaries of prior research and fruitful exchanges that will stimulate future research on issues of social inequality. - Edited by Kevin T. Leicht, Department of Sociology, University of Iowa.

Social Stratification Syllabus

Syllabus - SOCIAL STRATIFICATION - Rutgers University.
Robert E. Wood - Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Criminal Justice.
Social stratification links almost all aspects of society together, and therefore understanding what is happening to social stratification helps us understand a wide range of other changes in society.

SOC 329: Social Stratification and Social Inequality
University of Texas - Instructor: Dan Powers.
Course Description: This course discusses major sociological approaches to the study of social Stratification and inequality. We begin with an examination of the concepts of social stratification social inequality, with an emphasis on the major dimensions of stratification in the U.S.

Books on Social Stratification

An Overview of Social Stratification. By Christina Siroskey. Social inequality is the primary focus of social stratification.

Group Differences in Standardized Testing and Social Stratification WAYNE J. CAMARA and AMY ELIZABETH SCHMIDT.

Social Stratification: The Interplay of Class, Race, and Gender, Daniel W. Rossides, Bowdoin College Copyright 1997.

Akan Social Stratification. The Akan have developed elaborate stratification systems based upon the maintenance of hereditary status.

Social Stratification and the Differentiation of Life Styles, Social Perceptions and Attitudes in Switzerland. - Dr. Markus Lamprecht.

Inequality and Society: Social Science Perspectives on Social Stratification by Jeff Manza and Michael Sauder.

Social Stratification: Class, Race, and Gender in Sociological Perspective by David Grusky.

Social Stratification in the United States: The American Profile Poster - by Stephen J. Rose.

From Origin to Destination: Trends and Mechanisms in Social Stratification Research by Stefani Scherer, Reinhardt Pollak, Gunnar Otte, and Markus Gangl.

Structure Of Social Stratification In The United States - Elizabethann O'Sullivan, Leonard Beeghley, Gary R. Rassel, and Maureen Berner.

The Structure and Evolution of Chinese Social Stratification by Li Yi

Does Class Matter: Social Stratification and Orientations in Singapore by Tan Ern Ser.

Max Weber on Power & Social Stratification: An Interpretation & Critique by Catherine Brennan.

Research in Social Stratification and Mobility: A Research Annual, 1988.