How do people organize themselves beyond the family unit? Social organization or social institution works to socialize the groups or people in it. Social organization are patterns of relationships organized to meet some human needs. Social disorganization theory is about breakdown in social organization. Sociology has approached the study of organizations in a number of ways. Earlier studies stressed the formal features of organizations, and described their internal functioning and the relationships among participants within the bounds of the organization itself. Over the past twenty years or so, however, a new perspective has emerged, one that sees the organization in the context of its surrounding environment (Aldrich Marsden, 1988).
Formal organizations are understood to be systems of coordinated and controlled activities that arise when work is embedded in complex networks of technical relations and boundary-spanning exchanges. But in modern societies, formal organizational structures arise in highly institutional contexts. Organizations are driven to incorporate the practices and procedures defined by prevailing rationalized concepts of organizational work and institutionalized in society.
There can develop a tension between on the one hand, the institutionalized products, services, techniques, policies, and programs that function as myths and efficiency criteria on the other hand. To maintain ceremonial conformity, organizations that reflect institutional rules tend to buffer their formal structures from the uncertainties of the technical activities by developing a loose coupling between their formal structures and actual work activities. - (John Meyer and Brian Rowan, 1976).
Social Organization determined by incommunicability of insights : It is readily assumed that new understanding of problems and opportunities can be communicated comprehensibly. This is not the case. Any new insight is understood to different degrees by different people. The resulting situation can be clarified using the work of Ron Atkin (Multidimensional Man; can man live in 3-dimensional space?, 1981) on q-analysis, namely the theory and application of mathematical relations between finite sets. He has applied this to the analysis of communication patterns within complex organizations.
Hinduism - Social Organization
Social Organization. The Caste System. When the Aryans moved into northwest India, they imposed a caste system to organize the new society created by their arrival. They initially put together a hierarchy of four varnas (castes), which later was expanded to include a fifth category. The caste system initially served to maintain rigid social boundaries between the invaders and the previous inhabitants. Over the generations, the origins were forgotten and the system became the stratification of a single society.
Natural ecosystems share many features with human social systems in terms of their evolutionary origin, dynamic complexity, and control mechanisms. This paper reviews parallels between the organizational characteristics of natural and social systems that could be a model for the 21st century.
Florida's Native People were never organized as large political units (tribes). Rather they practiced chiefdomships; whereby the chief and individuals of several small villages chose an overall leader (usually the chief of the area's principal town).
The Social Organization of Structural Stupidity. There is much of value and much at stake in the findings of those who research in the sociology of work. What is to be made; who is to get a job; the conditions of labor in the workplace; how profits are to be defined and to be shared out as well as the degree of social solidarity ...all are questions of great importance to workers, consumers, and society alike.
Center and Periphery in the Social Organization of Contemporary Nahuas of Mexico - Alan Sandstrom - In this paper, the author examines the relationship between "post-industrialism" and patterns of social organization that may be observed among international migrants at the micro-level; more specifically, the connection between certain aspects of post-industrial technology such as innovations in telecommunications and transportation and the social organization of Caribbean immigrants, a subset of the New Immigrants to the United States.
of Organizations: Classic, Contemporary and Critical Readings
Book by Michael J. Handel (Editor)
The Social Psychology of Behavior in Small Groups Book by Donald C. Pennington
Organizational Behavior Book by John R. Schermerhorn, James G. Hunt, Richard N. Osborn
Psychology of Organizational Behavior: Key Readings
Book by Leigh L. Thompson (Editor).