Sociology Index

Social Customs And Traditions In Argentina

FAMILY LIFE - There is no typical Argentinian family. Family life differs according to many factors, such as region, ethnic background and income. Traditionally, fathers were considered the head of the family, mothers were in charge of the household, and young married couples lived with their parents in quarters built onto the house. Now, most Argentinians believe that women have the right to a career as well as marriage and family. Some families have hired help to do domestic chores. Young married couples usually find a place of their own rather than living with parents. 

There are still large farms or estancias in many areas of Argentina. Near Buenos Aires, they are usually cattle ranches. Gauchos, who wear the traditional baggy pants and flat-topped hat, still work on some cattle ranches. In Patagonia the estancias may be sheep ranches. In other areas, the estancias may have vineyards, orchards or fields of grain. Some very large estancias are like little villages, with their own chapels and schools. Sometimes the wife and children of the owner live in the city while the children are at school.

The 300,000 indigenous people in Argentina live in small rural communities or in the cities. Although many indigenous Argentinians have preserved their traditional way of life, others have adopted a more European lifestyle.