Sociology Index

SERVICE ECONOMY

Service economy may include medical service, accounting, social work, teaching, design, consultancy and taxi driving. Canada has a service economy and R and D in Canada is mainly a service sector activity. The shift to a service economy is sociologically interesting because it appears to be associated with different labour market demands, differing educational requirements, and differing wage structures.

Goods-producing economy is usually contrasted with service economy and refers to an economy based largely on manufacture of goods rather than the provision of service.

With the increasing role of services activities in the economic growth of industrialized countries, and the failure of the manufacturing sector to create sustainable forms of development, many Caribbean policymakers have become interested in the role that service economy might play in the region's development.

By designing service-based industrialization and trade strategies Caribbean economies might be able to re-create the comparative advantages lost in the manufacturing sector. - Globalization and the territorialization of the new Caribbean service economy - Beverley Mullings.

The service economy: 'wealth without resource consumption'? - Stahel, W. R. -adsabs.harvard.edu

Using the Service Economy to Relieve the Double Burden - Female Labor Force Participation and Service Purchases.
R. S. OROPESA, Pennsylvania State University.
Using a national survey conducted in 1990, this article examines how wives' labor force participation affects the extent to which families use the market economy to provide goods and services that have traditionally been produced by women. Findings are discussed within the context of hypotheses about the roles of household resources, personal resources, gender ideologies, role overload, and the specific benefits that different family members receive from the provision of each service.

Women Marketing Students and the Service Economy: A New Majority.
Barbara B. Stern, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Women marketing students, nearly the majority, are likely to work in services: 84% of all women and most mangers and entrepreneurs are in service industries. Business programs' responses to women students include course development and nonsexist language. A women-related resource appendix for educators is included.

The Service Economy, Final Report of the Business and Industry Policy Forum on Realising the Potential of the Service Economy - Services are transforming OECD economies on a massive scale. The Forum was organised by the Industry Committee, partly to address the mandate of the OECD Ministerial to explain the differences which have emerged in growth performance among OECD countries. It brought together senior government officials, experts, and business and trade union leaders from 30 countries to address issues related to 'Realising the Potential of the Service Economy: Facilitating Growth, Innovation and Competition.
The Forum traced the evolution of the service economy, particularly in knowledge-based areas, and examined how it affects business and society.

STI Working Paper 2005/3: The Service Economy in OECD Countries
Improving the performance of the services sector is important to enhance aggregate economic growth. This is primarily since the service sector has become the quantitatively most important sector in all OECD economies. The growing role of services is not only the result of a resource re-allocation towards services, as the sector with low productivity growth. It is also related to demand side factors, such as a high income elasticity of demand for some services, demographic developments, the provision of certain services as public goods, and the growing role of services as providers of intermediate inputs. The empirical evidence points to several areas where employment and productivity growth in services is held back.

The Service Economy - Standardisation or Customisation? - Jon Sundbo
Abstract: Service firms are squeezed between customisation and standardisation. This presents a dilemma to service firms and to economic theory. The theoretical logics of both are discussed and a third theory, based on modulisation, is presented. The article investigates the issue of towards which of the three logics the service sector is developing.

Research and technology organizations in the service economy - Preissl, Brigitte
Abstract: Institutional settings and functional orientation of these organizations reflect the ongoing transformation of economies into service economies.

The New Service Economy and It's Implications for Statistics
LAURA ASANDULUI - Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University of Iasi
Abstract: The New Service Economy is an increasingly global economy in which businesses compete and communicate in a worldwide marketplace. High-technology and information-based goods and services are dominating today's economy. New business models are applied, and international business is changing profoundly. The New Service Economy poses opportunities as well as threats to data collection. In some instances, the existing data systems must be improved.

America's Service Economy - Wolfbein, Seymour L.
Every one of the 20 fastest-growing occupations, as listed by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, is in the service sector. 15 million jobs that have been created since the November trough of the 1982 recession have been in the service sector. About half of these jobs pay at least $10 per hour. The biggest increases granted under collective bargaining for 1987 as a whole and the first quarter of 1988 occurred in the services industry. In the service sector, employment rose during 39 of the past 40 years. Ninety-seven percent of the increase in employment between 1947 and 1987 took place in the service sector.

A High-Tech or a Service Economy Future? - Galambos, Eva C. 
Educators are currently confronting two divergent messages regarding the occupational needs of the future high tech and service economy.

The RISE agenda has three components: Mapping the changing shape of innovation systems in the service economy, and addressing the diversity of national and sectoral arrangements.

Service economy and goods-producing economy.