Sociology Index

SELF-REPORT STUDIES

Self-report study is a measure of crime involving the distribution of a detailed questionnaire to a sample of people, asking them whether they have committed a crime in a particular period of time. Self-report study has been useful to determine the social characteristics of ‘offenders’. Self report studies involve confidential questionnaires that invite the respondents to record voluntarily whether or not they have committed any of the listed offences.

Negative affectivity: how serious a threat to self-report studies of psychological distress?
Serious questions have been raised about the common practice of relying on self-report study measures to assess the relation between subjective role experiences on the one hand and both mental and physical health symptoms on the other. - Brennan RT, Barnett RC.

Such self-report study measures may reflect a common underlying dimension of negative affectivity (NA), thereby leading to spurious results. In this article, we present findings from analyses in which we estimate, using a hierarchical linear model, the relation between subjective experiences in job and marital role and self-reports of symptoms of psychological distress after controlling for NA in a sample of 300 full-time employed men and women in married couples.

Results demonstrate (a) that NA can account for a great deal of the variation in self-reported psychological distress, as much as half in the case of the men in the sample; (b) that estimates of the relations between a self-reported predictor of social-role quality (e.g., marital-role quality, job-role quality) may be biased by failure to include NA as a predictor of self-reported psychological distress; (c) that the degree of bias in these estimates is dependent on the nature of the predictor, and (d) that the role of NA as a confounder does not appear to be dependent on gender.

Herman and Julia Schwendinger introduce their book, Adolescent Subcultures and Delinquency as follows:
There is a theoretical crisis in criminology. It began when self-report studies questionnaire uncovered an unexpected amount of middle-class delinquency. These studies, as Empey (1982:118) later observed, "hit like a bombshell." They indicated that delinquency cuts across class lines to a greater degree than police statistics suggest. The self-report studies therefore contradicted theories explaining delinquency on the basis of lower-class conditions. They also lent credence to Tittle and Villemez's (1977) extraordinary claim that social class relationships have nothing to do with criminal behavior. The debate over the self-report studies has reached an intensity unprecedented in theoretical criminology. (1985, p.xi)

Juvenile Crime and Sanctions in the Netherlands 
Karin Wittebrood, -  Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, Vol. 19, No. 4, 435-453 (2003)
Trends in juvenile crime in the Netherlands are described using police statistics and self-report studies. A sharp rise in juvenile crime is suggested by the police statistics, while the self-report studies reveal a more stable picture. Attention has been paid to explanations of this discrepancy.

Sex Differences in Self-Report Delinquency
RACHELLE J. CANTER, Behavioral Research Institute
Criminology, Volume 20 Issue 3-4 Page 373 - November 1982 
ABSTRACT: This study describes the distribution, nature, pattern, and magnitude of sex differences in self-report delinquency. A national probability sample of 1725 youths, ages 11-17, was interviewed using a comprehensive measure of self-report delinquency including serious and violent crimes.

CRIME AND PERSONALITY REVISITED - Effects of MMPI Response Sets in Self-Report Studies
SPENCER A. RA THUS, New Mexico State University, LARRY J. SIEGEL, University of Nebraska
Abstract: The present study explored the effects of MMPI response sets on relatonships between crime and personality in self-report studies. The MMPI-168 and a 21-item delinquent behavior questionnaire were administered to 1680 high school students.

Disparities in preventive procedures: comparisons of self-report and Medicare claims data
Kevin Fiscella, Kathleen Holt, Sean Meldrum, Peter Franks, BMC Health Services Research 2006, 6:122
Abstract: Background: Racial and ethnic disparities are assessed using either self-report or claims data. We compared these two data sources and examined contributors to discrepancies in estimates of disparities.
Methods: We analyzed self-reports and matching claims data from Medicare Beneficiaries 65 and older who participated in the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey, 1999–2002. Six preventive procedures were included: PSA testing, influenza vaccination, Pap smear testing, cholesterol testing, mammography, and colorectal cancer testing. We examined predictors of self-reports in the absence of claims and claims in the absence of self-reports.
Results: With the exception of PSA testing, racial/ethnic disparities in preventive procedures are generally larger when using Medicare claims than when using patients' self-report. Analyses adjusting for age, gender, income, educational level, health status, proxy response and supplemental insurance showed that minorities were more likely to self-report preventive procedures in the absence of claims. Rates of claims in the absence of self-report were low. Minorities were more likely to have PSA test claims in the absence of self-reports, but were less likely to have influenza vaccination claims in the absence of self-reports.

Vandalism and self-report studies - a review of the literature - M Stace 
Victoria university of Wellington, institute of criminology, New Zealand this paper reviews the literature dealing with both vandalism and self-report studies in New Zealand. 
Abstract: the first part of the paper reviews literature since 1954 on vandalism in New Zealand; the second part reviews the literature on self-report studies. Various methods used to check response validity indicate that self-reports are generally valid. Self-report studies have often been used on minors, but future efforts could be directed toward white-collar crime.


TRENDS AND PATTERNS OF SELF-REPORTED JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IN FINLAND - Janne Kivivuori (ed.) SUMMARY National Research Institute Publication no. 188 of Legal Policy Helsinki 2002
The report includes chapters by five authors. All contributions are based on self-report surveys of juvenile delinquency. Chapters 2–4 are based on the fourth sweep (2001) of the Finnish Self-Report Delinquency Study (FSRD). The previous sweeps were carried out in 1995, 1996 and 1998. The FSRD indicator system targets ninth-grade (15–16-year-old) students in Finnish-language schools. Chapters 5 and 6 utilize local self-report studies conducted in the cities of Helsinki and Turku.

Male and female differences in self-report cheating 
James A Athanasou, University of Technology, Sydney 
Olabisi Olasehinde, University of Ilorin – Nigeria.
Cheating is an important area for educational research, not only because it reduces the consequential validity of assessment results, but also because it is anathema to widely held public principles of equity and truthfulness. Moreover, modern education is centred on numerous situations that really depend upon a student's honesty. The purpose of this paper is to review the extent of academic cheating and to describe any gender differences in self-report studies.

An Exploration of the External Validity of Self-Report amongst Arrestees - David Patton
Abstract: Self-report validation surveys in the USA focussing on arrestees self-reports unequivocally demonstrate that they do not validly report their recent drug consumption despite being a highly drug involved group. Like their American counterparts, English arrestees display very high levels of drug consumption. Data used from the NEW -ADAM programme (1998) is used to explore the extern al validity of arrestees’ self-report studies to drug consumption in the 3 days prior to interview.

A Review of Sex Differences in Sexual Jealousy, Including Self-Report Data, Psychophysiological Responses, Interpersonal Violence, and Morbid Jealousy
Christine R. Harris, Center for Brain Cognition, University of California, San Diego
Personality and Social Psychology Review.
Abstract: The specific innate modular theory of jealousy hypothesizes that natural selection shaped sexual jealousy as a mechanism to prevent cuckoldry, and emotional jealousy as a mechanism to prevent resource loss. Therefore, men should be primarily jealous over a mate's sexual infidelity and women over a mate's emotional infidelity. Five lines of evidence have been offered as support: self-report study responses, psychophysiological data, domestic violence, and morbid jealousy cases.

Enhancing the Validity of Self-Reported Alcohol and Marijuana Consumption Using a Bogus Pipeline Procedure: A Meta-Analytic Review - Herman Aguinis, Charles A. Pierce, Brian M. Quigley - Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 16, No. 4.
Abstract: Two separate meta-analyses were conducted to test whether the use of self-report measures within the bogus pipeline (BPL) paradigm yields more valid responses than the use of self-report measures alone for assessing alcohol and marijuana consumption. Weighted mean effect sizes (ds) of 0.01 and -0.12 were obtained for studies using alcohol and marijuana self-reports, respectively. Explanations for why a BPL procedure does not improve the validity of self-reported alcohol and marijuana consumption are provided. In addition, alternative methods that may enhance the validity of alcohol and marijuana self-reports are discussed.

Discrepancies Between Self-Reported and Official Measures of Delinquency - Leroy C. Gould, American Sociological Review, Vol. 46, No. 3 (Jun., 1981), pp. 367-368

Self-report study as a method for measuring crime.