Sociology Index


Routine-activity theory developed to explain variations in victimization survey rates among categories of persons, areas or over time. Dependent on the notions of life style exposure and opportunity, routine activity theory argues that it is the life style (routine-activity) of young males which explains their high rate of victimization compared to seniors. Routine activity theory argues that it is the changes in routine-activity accompanying the increase in small households has increased the opportunity for property crimes. Routine activity theory explains crime events as the convergence in time and space of likely offenders and suitable targets in the absence of capable effective guardianship.

The Novelty of ‘Cybercrime’ - An Assessment in Light of Routine Activity Theory 
Majid Yar, University of Kent. - Often cited, is the routine activity theory developed by Marcus Felson and others. This article explores the extent to which the routine activity theory’s concepts and aetiological schema can be transposed to crimes committed in a ‘virtual’ environment. Although some of the routine activity theory’s core concepts can indeed be applied to cybercrime, there remain important differences between ‘virtual’ and ‘terrestrial’ worlds that limit the routine activity theory’s usefulness.

A Routine Activity Theory Explanation for Women's Stalking Victimizations 
ELIZABETH EHRHARDT MUSTAINE, The University of Central Florida 
RICHARD TEWKSBURY, University of Louisville 
Drawing on surveys administered to 861 university women in nine institutions, this article presents a routine activity theory model for predicting stalking victimization likelihood for women. Using routine activity theory, the model highlights lifestyle behavior and interactions as predictors of stalking victimization. Whereas routine activity theory often highlights the role of demography and statuses as predictors, this analysis emphasizes the role of women's social interactions and substance use in victimization risk.

Routine Activity Theory And The Risk Of Rape: Analyzing Ten Years Of National Crime Survey Data - Joanne Belknap, University of Cincinnati 
This analysis applies routine activity theory to the risk of rape, using 10 years (1973-82) of NCS data. In addition to univariate analysis describing characteristics of the victimization itself, bivariate analysis and multivariate analysis are employed to assess the risk of rape. Most characteristics concerning the rape incident itself were consistent with routine activity theory. Unlike most prior research, race was not a factor in the risk of rape, although race was correlated with those factors influencing the risk of rape.

The Challenges of Testing Routine Activity Theory - Skubak, Marie,
Routine activity theory explains crime events as the convergence in time and space of likely offenders and suitable targets in the absence of capable guardians. Existing tests of the theory have limitations due to design, level of measurement, level of study, and failure to include measures of all theoretical constructs in the test. A review of existing tests of routine activity theory, a critique of the operationalization of guardianship, and a framework for future tests of routine activity theory.

Global Warming and U.S. Crime Rates - An Application of Routine Activity Theory 
James Rotton, Ellen G. Cohn 
The results are consistent with a routine activity theory interpretation of everyday and criminal behavior.

Socioecological Models of Automotive Theft: Integrating Routine Activity and Social Disorganization Approaches - Kennon J. Rice, William R. Smith 
An integration of routine activity theory and social disorganization theory is proposed, premised on an empirical basis of interaction effectsand a pattern of automobile theft diffusion. The results show that the integration of social disorganization theory and routine activity theory significantly increases the predictive power of the analyses.

EXPLORING THE GEOGRAPHY OF ROUTINE ACTIVITY THEORY:- A SPATIO-TEMPORAL TEST USING STREET ROBBERY - Elizabeth Ruth Groff, Ph.D., 2006, Co-Directed By: Ralph Dubayah, Professor, Geography.
David Weisburd, Professor, Criminology and Criminal Justice
The concepts of routine activity theory are formalized in a computational laboratory representing Seattle, Washington. Three versions of a model of street robbery are developed; each version implements a different level of constraints on agent’s routine activities. The results of the experiments provide strong evidence of the important role routine activities play in street robbery events. The addition of temporal and spatio-temporal schedule constraints reduces the incidence. Support for routine activity theory’s premise is found in the Simple and Temporal version of the model.