Reflexive Role-Taking, Role Strain, Role Distancing
Sociological role theory includes categories of social
roles like cultural roles and gender roles.
Situation-specific roles develop ad hoc in a given social situation.
According to role theory, role conflict occurs when a
person is expected to simultaneously act out multiple roles that carry contradictory
expectations. The Gender Role Theory suggests that women's lesser involvement in crime can
be attributed to their socialization into traditional
roles within the family and in society.
According to role theory, people take distinct positions
in groups they form. These positions are roles, with a set of functions that are molded by
the expectations of others. Under role theory these expectations become norms when enough people feel comfortable in providing punishments
and rewards for the expected behavior. People conform to their roles anticipating rewards
and punishments inspire this conformity.
In role theory behavior is influenced by the norms which
determine a social situation, internal and external expectations are connected to a social
role and social sanctions and rewards are used to influence role behaviour.
Revisiting Role Theory: A Sociocognitive
Perspective - Danna-Lynch, Karen.
Presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association.
This paper links role theory with research on social cognition. Proposed are three
separate strategies, migration, emigration, and relocation,
as routes that actors taks among states of role being. This approach invites consideration
of unexplored conditions of simultaneous salience and role switching giving scope for
future research into sociocognitive role playing dynamics.
Students First Mentoring Project: Using
Role-theory to Improve Low-income, First Generation Student Retention - Collier,
Peter. and Morgan, David.
Combining best practices from theoretical concepts from role theory, this program offers a
wide range of support services for first-generation college students to make the shift to
college life less difficult and improve student retention rates. Discusses three specific
program elements that are drawn from role theory
Revisiting Role Theory: Roles and the Problem of the Self
Sociological Research Online
Abstract: This paper looks at some of the major texts in the history of role theory. It is
suggested that neither Talcott Parsons nor Robert King Merton has any place for the self in their
respective theories. Even ethnomethodological theory
cannot imagine a role player capable of self-expression. The concept of self as identity
that can be extracted from his work can allow social
theory to imagine actors who are simultaneously expressing their selves and fulfilling
Using role theory in monitoring web group learning systems
Gwo-Dong Chen Chin-Yeh Wang Kuo-Liang Ou Baw-Jhiune Liu.
Role theory has been proposed to explain group teamwork.
A Review of Educational Role Theory: A Teaching Guide for Administrative Theory. -
Clouse, R. Wilburn
This document examines role theory limited to the major studies related to educational
administrators. The nature and history of role theory are reviewed theoretical approaches
to the study of role theory are described: role conflict
resolution theory; role theory related to social systems theory; and the Fundamental
Interpersonal Relations Orientation Theory of interpersonal behavior. Conclusions are
drawn about the methods used in role theory studies.