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Reification is the mental conversion of a person or abstract concept into a thing. Reification is treating that which is abstract as something tangible. Reification is the error which consists in treating as a "thing" something which is not one. Reification is to treat as though real that which is just an abstraction or a conceptualization.

Sociologists since David Emile Durkheim have been accused of reifying society which critics say is just an abstract concept and does not exist. Reification is to act as though society exists and thus can act or make decisions or coerce people is to reify society. In Marxism, reification is the consideration of an abstraction or an object as if it had living existence and abilities; at the same time it implies the thingification of social relations. In computer science, reification is the act of making a data model for a previously abstract concept. Briefly explained, reification is the consideration of an abstract thing as if it were concrete, or of an inanimate object as if it were living.

Axel Honneth, Verdinglichung: Eine Annerkennungstheoretische Studie (Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp Verlag, 2005). (In German, Reification is called Verdinglichung). - Extract from Social Pathologies as Second-Order Disorders. Christopher F. Zurn, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Department of Philosophy, University of Kentucky.
The reification of others involves a disregard of the structures of normatively-imbued and meaningful recognition of others, where that disregard is located in distorted forms of sociality that serve to dehumanize participants and thereby perpetuate pathological social structures. Reification of the physical world means a forgetfulness of the significance that objects and relations in the physical world might have for others. Reification of objects then involves a systematic forgetting of the way in which they are constituted as meaningful and useful to us only in a specific context of social purposes and social interaction.

Identity and Alterity in Sociological Perspective, Frank Welz (Freiburg), "Culture and Society in the Era of Globalization", Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. Abstract: Whereas all things considered the latter means a sanguine or pessimistic reification of group differences, the former view has become increasingly outdated: in an era of globalization the real experience of alterity that is the experience of different identities renders essentialist interpretations of identity obsolete.

Reification and the Sociological Critique of Consciousness - Peter Berger, Stanley Pullberg - History and Theory, Vol. 4, No. 2 (1965).

The Reification of Desire. Toward a Queer Marxism. 2009. Kevin Floyd
A new theoretical approach to the relationship between Marxism, queer culture and queer studies. The Reification of Desire takes two critical perspectives rarely analyzed together, formative arguments for Marxism and those that have been the basis for queer theory.