Weber's works deal with rationalization in sociology
of religion, government, organizational theory,
and behavior. The process of rationalization affects economic
life, law, administration, and religion. In many a culture, weather is thought to express the pleasure or displeasure
of gods, or spirits of ancestors. Rationalization makes ends of means and imprisons the
individual within the iron cage of rationalized
institutions, organizations, and activities.
Within symbolic interactionism, rationalization is used
more in the everyday sense of the word to refer to providing justifications or excuses for
one's actions. The term 'rationalization' has two specific meanings in sociology. The
concept 'rationalization' was developed by German sociologist Max Weber (1864-1920) who
used it in two ways.
Rationalization was the process
through which magic and religious ideas lose cultural importance
in a society and ideas based on science and practical
calculation become dominant. Science explains weather patterns as a result of interaction between physical elements like wind-speed and
direction, air and water temperatures.
Rationalization also involves
the development of forms of social organization
devoted to the achievement of precise goals by efficient means. It is this type of
rationalization that we see in the development of modern business corporations and of bureaucracy. These are organizations dedicated to the pursuit
of defined goals by calculated, systematically administered means.
Within symbolic interactionism,
rationalization is used more in the everyday sense of the word to refer to providing
justifications or excuses for one's actions.
Max Weber's Types of
Rationality: Cornerstones for the Analysis of Rationalization Processes in History.
- Kalberg, Stephen - Explores rationality in Max Weber's works and identifies types of
rationality which play major roles in his writingl.
Vanished Vediators: On
the Residual Status of Judges in Max Weber's Theory of Legal Rationalization -
Sahni, Isher-Paul. - The centrality of judges in Max Webers theory of legal
rationalization and their residual status in his Sociology
of Law are discussed. Their neglect in his comparative examination of the Continental and the English administrations of justice is
Rationalization and freedom in Max Weber - DOMINGUES J. M.
Rio de Janeiro Federal University, Department of Sociology, Rio de Janeiro, BRESIL
Weber's diagnosis of modernity and his general sociological theory, especially as to his action theory and creativity. A more open-ended conception of
modernity which is more compatible with Weber's own methodology.
A Subjective Universal:
Max Weber and the Modern-Postmodern Divide - Thibodeaux, Jarrett. Paper presented
at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting.
Abstract: Looking at Webers methodology and concept of rationalization, I explore
how his writings relate to modernism and postmodernism.
However, in terms of his concept of rationalization he was a modernist anx universalist in
that he saw rationalization as objectively decipherable.
The Conflict between
Methodology and Rationalization in the Work of Max Weber
Lars Udehn, Department of Sociology, Uppsala
Acta Sociologica, Vol. 24, No. 3, 131-147 (1981)
Max Weber is the leading representative of an interpretive
theory in sociology aiming at an explanation in terms of the motives of the acting
individuals. Western world is moving in the direction of increasing rationalization, held
by many to be the uniting theme of his work. The process of rationalization ends in an iron cage of bureaucratic domination.
The Dialectics of Religious Rationalization and Secularization: Max Weber and Ernst Bloch, Warren S.
Critical Sociology, Vol. 31, No. 1-2, 115-151 (2005).
Bloch's dialectical theory of secularization of Judeo-Christian Messianism into Marxism has a parallel structure to Weber's theory of religious
rationalization in Ancient Judaism. Ancient Judaism experienced religious rationalization
that is marked by dialectics between the charisma of the
prophet and the tradition of the priest. Combining elements from Weber's theory of
religious rationalization and Bloch's theory of secularization in which the tensions
between the sacred and profane remain unresolved.
The Rationalization of Everything? Using Ritzers McDonaldization Thesis to
Teach Weber, Stephen Lippmann, Howard Aldrich - Department of Sociology,
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Todays students have grown up in a world structured by the forces of
rationalization. Max Weber argued that the process of rationalization, once introduced to
the world, transformed social life forever. Rationalization led to new practices that were
chosen because they were efficient, rather than customary. Webers ideas continue to
inform sociological theories today.
Judicial Reform and Rationalization: The Diffusion of Court Reform Policies Among
the American States, J M Scheb, A R Matheny.
Max Weber's sociology of law from which his concept of rationalization is adopted as a
schema of policy development. According to Weber, the 'rationalization' of legal
institutions would accompany the advancement of capitalism in
modernizing nations. The data indicate a strong connection between judicial reform and
more general patterns of innovation diffusion among the States, but only modest support
for Weber's assertions about the rationalization.
Weber's concept of rationalization and the electronic revolution in western
Journal Qualitative Sociology, Valerie Ann Malhotra.
This article considers many of the important issues which Weber addresses in his work on
the sociology of music and the definitional problems
related to Weber's concept of rationalization. Examines Weber's concepts of rational
action and rationalization in relation to music and raises questions regarding Weber's
conclusions regarding the effect of rationalization in Western culture.