Developed by Austrian physician Sigmund Freud and his followers, psychoanalysis is devoted to the study of human psychological functioning and behavior. Psychoanalysis is a method of investigation of the mind. Psychoanalysis is a systematized set of theories about human behavior. Psychoanalysis is a method of treatment of psychological or emotional illness. Psychoanalysis applied in literature, sociology, anthropology and ethnology, religion and mythology, incited the interest of a public that had no inclination towards the clinical realm. Psychoanalysis is no longer clearly defined. Nobody knows for sure what psychoanalysis is.
Psychoanalysis gained popularity through media. Movies also put an emphasis on psychoanalysts. A movie dedicated to Sigmund Freud presented the incertitude years of his beginnings in psychoanalysis. Sigmund Freud's famous study called Totem and Taboo, in which he launches himself in social and anthropologic analysis relying on the knowledge extracted from applying psychoanalysis to neurosis therapy.
1. A method of mind investigation. And especially of the unconscious mind;
2. A therapy of neurosis inspired from the above method;
3. A new stand alone discipline which is based on the knowledge acquired from applying the investigation method and clinical experiences.
Psychoanalysis is a specific mind investigation technique and a therapy inspired from this investigation. Psychoanalysis implies no speculation, it is closer to psychotherapy and farther from philosophy, art or culture in general.