Sociology Index

PROTESTANT ETHIC

Protestant ethic, or set of ideas, in the 16th century, was cited by Max Weber as an important influence in encouraging the development of capitalist society. The Diet of Speyer in 1529 voted to end the toleration of those who followed the teachings of Martin Luther within Germany.

For Protestants, particularly those influenced by the ideas of John Calvin, the Protestant ethic was that obedience to God's will demanded energetic and enterprising work in one's occupation or ‘calling’.

Profits under Protestant ethics were morally justified as the reward for this hard work and, so long as they were not casually squandered on luxuries, the making of profit and the achievement of wealth was a just reward for dutiful and energetic work.

Weber claimed that the Catholic church, in contrast to Protestant ethic, promoted ideas and attitudes that tended to obstruct economic development. Catholic doctrine stressed the importance of humility and acceptance of one's position in life, it discouraged pursuit of achievement by suggesting that seeking self-advancement was a distraction from pursuit of a good and moral life in preparation for eternal life after death.

Max Weber argued that the Protestant Ethic was so strongly supportive of capitalist development that countries where Protestantism became dominant quickly moved ahead of Catholic countries in their level of economic development.

Books on The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism: and Other Writings (Penguin Twentieth-Century Classics) by Max Weber, Peter Baehr, and Gordon C. Wells (Paperback - April 30, 2002)
In The Protestant Ethic, Max Weber opposes the Marxist concept of dialectical materialism and relates the rise of the capitalist economy to the Calvinist belief in the moral value of hard work and the fulfillment of one's worldly duties. Based on the original 1905 edition, this volume includes, along with Weber's treatise, an illuminating introduction, a wealth of explanatory notes, and exemplary responses and remarks-both from Weber and his critics-sparked by publication of The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism.

For more than 100 years, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism has set the parameters for the debate over the origins of modern capitalism. This esteemed classic of twentieth-century social science examines the deep cultural "frame of mind" that influences work life to this day in northern America and Western Europe.

Weber's texts examines the long-range influence of the ascetic Protestant sects and churches on American society.

The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism with Other Writings on the Rise of the West is an essential resource for anyone seeking to understand the origins and endurance of the modern West.

Doing Right And Being Good: Catholic And Protestant Readings In Christian Ethics (Michael Glazier Books) by David Oki Ahearn and Peter R. Gathje (Paperback - May 30, 2005)

The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Punishment by T. Richard Snyder
Snyder finds clues for a different understanding of humanity and God in responses to crime categorized as “restorative justice”. These alternative perspectives seek redemption not only for the perpetrator but also for the victims of crime and the larger community. They also recognize all persons as “graced,” no matter what their actions may have been. Drawing on these clues, Snyder initiates fresh ways of thinking about the traditional theological concepts of covenant, incarnation, and trinity as foundations for a restorative approach to justice. He also challenges religious communities to understand God’s good news in ways that offer hope for a transformed world. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Punishment is an eye-opening work with profound implications for contemporary social life.

Protestant Ethic Debate: Weber's Replies to His Critics, 1907-1910 (Liverpool University Press - Studies in European Regional Cultures) by David Chalcraft and Austin Harrington
'We have waited far too long for an English edition of Weber's replies to his critics... Had these replies been published with the original 1930 translation of the PESC the whole Protestant Ethic debate would never have gone down so many blind alleys... Readers will also find one of the most succinct statements of Weber's objectives in writing the PESC as well as a clarification of his research methods.' Dr Sam Whimster, Reader in Sociology at London Guildhall University
Max Weber’s The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism continues to be one of the most influential texts in the sociology of modern Western societies.

Weber, Passion and Profits: 'The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism' in Context by Jack Barbalet (Hardcover - Jul 28, 2008)
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Authoritarianism: Puritanism, Democracy, and Society by Milan Zafirovski (Hardcover - May 11, 2007)
Weber's Protestant Ethic: Origins, Evidence, Contexts (Publications of the German Historical Institute) by Hartmut Lehmann and Guenther Roth (Paperback - Sep 29, 1995)
American Protestant Ethics and the Legacy of H. Richard Niebuhr (Moral Traditions Series) by William Werpehowski (Paperback - Nov 2002)
Outlines & Highlights for The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism by Max, ISBN: 041525406X (Cram 101 Series) by Cram101 Textbook Reviews (Paperback - Dec 28, 2006)
The Protestant Ethic Turns 100: Essays on the Centenary of the Weber Thesis (Great Barrington Books) by William H. Swatos Jr. and Lutz Kaelber (Paperback - May 2005)
Christian Ethics in the Protestant Tradition by Waldo Beach (Paperback - Jan 1, 1988)
The Integrated Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Environmentalism by Sherrie Steiner-Aeschliman (Paperback - Jan 1, 1999)
New Dictionary of Christian Ethics & Pastoral Theology by David John Atkinson, David Field, Arthur F. Holmes, and Oliver O'Donovan (Hardcover - Jan 1995)
The Influence of the Protestant Ethic on Sport and Recreation by Steven J. Overman (Hardcover - Feb 1997)
Not the Protestant Ethic? Max Weber at St. Louis [An article from: History of European Ideas] by P. Ghosh (Digital - Jan 2005) - HTML
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (Dover Value Editions) by Max Weber, Talcott Parsons, and R.H. Tawney (Paperback - April 4, 2003)
American Protestant Ethics and the Legacy of H. Richard Niebuhr.(Book Review): An article from: Theological Studies by Gerald P. Mckenny (Digital - Jul 31, 2005) - HTML
Protestant and Roman Catholic Ethics: Prospects for Rapprochement by James M. Gustafson (Paperback - Feb 15, 1980).