Organized Crime, White-Collar Crime, Blue-collar
crime, Pink-collar Crime, Corporate crime
Political crime rarely appears in criminology texts. Introduction texts and social
problems texts make mention of genocide but mostly descriptive or exemplary cases are
Political crime is that use of power to reproduce structures of domination. there
are five major structures which inform/fuel most of the political crime in the 21st
century; Patriarchy, Racism, National Chauvinism, Class exploitation/alienation, Ageism.
"I usually make distinction between privatized political crime and
institutionalized political crime. Rape is an example of the first while warfare exemplar
of the second." - T. R. Young, The Red Feather Institute
Personalized Political Crime: Assault, rape, battering, beating, mugging, robbery,
extortion, murder and threat of violence generally.
Institutional political crime: racism, sexism, religious bigotry; elitist forms of
governance, of work, of education and of communications.
POLITICAL CRIME, POLITICAL JUST1CE, AND POLITICAL PRISONERS
W. WILLIAM MINOR, Department of Criminology Florida State University
AUTHOR'S NOTE: This article is a revision of a paper read at the Eighteenth Annual
Southern Conference on Corrections. February 22, 1973, Tallahassee, Florida. It
incorporates many (but not all) of the helpful criticisms and suggestions made by Gordon
Waldo, Theodore Chiricos, Ronald Akers, Charles Wellford, and Paul Brantigham.
ABSTRACT: Few attempts have previously been made systematically to define or interrelate
the concepts of political crime, political criminal, political justice, and political
prisoner. To establish a more adequate conceptual base for research, political crime and
political criminals are herein defined in terms of motiwtions underlying criminal acts,
regardless of the nature of the acts themselves; political justice is defined in terms of
the state's reaction to perceived threat; and political prisoners are defined as those
incarcerated because of either political crime (politico1 criminals) or political justice
(victims of repression). Dimensions for a taxonomy of political crime are suggested.
Abolishing probationa political crime? - Philip Priestley, Maurice Vanstone,
Ironically, on the eve of its centenary, the probation servicedespite its unique
position within the criminal justice systemis in greater danger of extinction than
at any time in its history. This article argues that populist-driven policies offer little
in the way of public protection against crime or reduction in the harm caused by it.
Instead, it promotes the case for a renewed political commitment to probation by arguing
for a constructive, evidence-based approach to community sentences based on the principle
of consent, community participation, and self-sentencingprobationers sharing
responsibility for devising their own rehabilitation programmes that exploit their
strengths rather than their weaknesses.
Terrorist on trial: the context of political crime - JM Post
When political terrorists stand trial for their violent acts, the political context
inevitably plays a major role. This article describes the trial of an Abu Nidal terrorist
tried in federal court for skyjacking an Egyptian airliner. The defense portrayed the
traumas of the Palestinian people and of the defendant at the hands of the Israelis,
offering a not guilty by reason of insanity defense on the basis of posttraumatic stress
disorder. Making sense to the jury of how a sane individual could carry out a violent act
in which more than 50 innocent men, women, and children died was the task of the author,
who served as expert for the U.S. Department of Justice. The paper describes how the
subject was socialized to violence in the refugee camps, where he was inspired to be a
soldier in the revolution in order to reclaim his family lands. Nationalist-separatist
terrorism is particularly intractable because of the generational transmission of hatred
Politics, culture, and political crime: Covariates of abortion clinic attacks in the
United States - Joshua D. Freilicha and William Alex Pridemoreb
Abstract: This study examined crime and violence against abortion clinics, testing
elements of several theories that may help explain the variation of such attacks. The
study theoretically and methodologically improved upon the prior research on
abortion-related crime and violence. Theoretically, it investigated previously unexamined
hypotheses from the social movement literature that may be relevant to this type of
behavior. Methodologically, it used more careful measures for several variables, employed
unique and heretofore ignored data bases, and examined hundreds of criminal acts across
several types of crime (e.g., violence, vandalism, and harassment) directed at abortion
clinics. Employing robust logistic regression and correcting for clustering of clinics by
state, the study investigated the cross-sectional effects of state-level cultural and
structural characteristics on anti-abortion crimes against clinics and staff. Results
indicated that some crimes against clinics are more likely in areas where female
empowerment is weaker, female victimization is more tolerated, and the anti-abortion
movement has failed to reduce abortions.
Prosecuting Political Crime: An Analysis of Politicizing Terrorism Trials in Federal Cases
1980 to 2001 - Shields, Christopher., Smith, Brent., Damphousse, Kelly. and Ziegler, Kris.
Abstract: Research conducted by Smith & Damphousse (1998) reveals that defendants
indicted and convicted after an official FBI terrorism investigation are more likely to
receive harsher prison sentences than nonterrorists convicted for the same lead offense.
Their findings lend support to structural-contextual theory, which holds in part: some
criminal activity is viewed by the public, and actors within the legal system, as so
serious that the criminal justice system tightly couples resulting in higher
conviction rates and longer prison sentences for individuals convicted of those crimes.
Their research also reveals that Assistant United States Attorneys do not always
politicize the terrorism trials they prosecute. The reason it seems, is that explicitly
politicizing trials has occasionally backfired with some juries resulting in acquittal.
Indeed, prosecutors in some cases have employed legal tools (e.g. motions in limine) to
prevent any mention of political motive. From the framework of structural contextual
theory and the liberation hypothesis, this paper will make use of data from the American
Terrorism Study to analyze what factors are operating to determine whether a case is
explicitly politicized, and the effect that explicit politicality has on case outcomes.
Among the factors analyzed are the publics sentiment surrounding the case, the
severity of the charges filed in the case, and the how clearly elements of conspiracy are
articulated in the case. The American Terrorism Study database contains information
gleaned from over 150 federal terrorism court cases filed in United States District Courts
from 1980 to 2001