Sociology Index


Books on Phenomenology

Phenomenological sociology is defined as the study of phenomenon. In the early development of Phenomenological sociology, a distinction was drawn between phenomena (things as they appear in our experience) and noumena (things as they are in themselves). Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) believed that all we can ever know are the former.  Phenomenological sociology has had its primary influence on ethnomethodology. Social reality is only an experienced reality rather than a natural reality.

The experience of objects, events, activities, etc., is all there is. By accepting this claim, ethnomethodology has emerged as the study of the creation of social reality through mundane reasoning, account giving or the use of documentary method. Edmund Husserl (1859-1938) argued that natural and social environments differ in that social objects appear only as perceived objects, they depend on human recognition for their existence and because of this social reality is in constant flux and ambiguity.

Phenomenological sociology and ethnomethodology concentrate on implicit assumptions.