In Per Capita, 'Capita' comes
from a Latin term referring to head. Criminologists and sociologists
refer to crimes rates and divorce rates, per capita. If there are only 0.01 crimes per
capita, this would mean that you have a risk of 1% of being victimised. Criminologists
usually use the idea of a rate per 100,000 rather than the idea of per capita.
Per capita income is a measure
of the wealth of an areas population as well as an indicator of the economic health
of that region or country. Per capita income is determined by dividing the total income of
a region or county residents by the total population.
The Effect of State
Income Taxation on Per Capita Income Growth - Randall G. Holcombe, Florida
State Univ, Donald J. Lacombe, Ohio Univ - Public Finance Review, Vol. 32, No. 3, (2004)
This study examines the impact of changes in marginal state income tax rates on per capita
income by comparing income growth in counties on state borders with income growth in
adjacent counties across the state border.
Compared to a standard
cross-sectional analysis, The results show that over the 30-year period from 1960 to 1990,
states that raised their income tax rates more than their neighbors had slower income
growth and, on average, a 3.4% reduction in per capita income.
per-capita consumption and the Japanese saving-investment balance, R
Dekle, Oxf Rev Econ Policy 2000; 16:46-60.
Japan's investment rate will remain close to its current level of 29 per cent. Japan's
current account, will steadily decrease from its current level and will turn negative in
2025. We project the impact of demographic change on the evolution of Japanese consumption
per capita, or 'living standards'. We project that per-capita consumption will grow. Under
certain scenarios, consumption per capita falls in most years after 2010.
Human capital and per capita product: A comparison of US
states - Saurav Dev Bhatta, Jose Lobo.
The findings indicate that human capital differences explain at least 49% of the observed
difference in GSP per capita between New York and each of the poor states.
Growth Rates of Per-Capita Income and Aggregate Welfare: An International
Nanak Kakwani, University of New South Wales, The Review of Economics & Statistics,
May 1997, Vol. 79, No. 2.
This paper is concerned with the measurement of aggregate growth rates, where the
aggregation is over time. A new procedure suggested captures all the essential properties
of a welfare function. The methodology of the paper is applied to an analysis of growth
rates of per capita GNP of 83 developing countries during the 19701987 period.
Infant mortality, per capita income, and adult illiteracy: an ecological approach
R Tresserras, J Canela, J Alvarez, J Sentis and L Salleras, American Journal of Public
Health, Vol 82, Issue 3 435-438.
The ecological association of infant mortality rate (IM) with per capita income (PI) and
prevalence of adult illiteracy (AI) has been studied using countries as the unit of
analysis. The ecological relative risks were 7.43 for men and 5.82 for women.
Demographic and Per Capita Income Dynamics: A Convergence Study on Demographics,
Human Capital, and Per Capita Income for the US States - Joakim Persson
Finds that age distribution, educational attainment, and government size converge across
the US states at rates rather similar to the convergence rate for per capita income. Using
panel data, the estimated partial relation between age and the subsequent growth rate of
per capita income is hump-shaped and of quantitative importance. This result is robust to
conditioning on other variables and appear not only to reflect
capital-dilution. These findings are consistent with an explanation that the age
distribution reflects the growth effects of human capital accumulated through experience.
What contributed to the major decline in per capita cigarette consumption during
Californias comprehensive tobacco control programme? Elizabeth A
Gilpin, Karen Messer, Martha M White and John P Pierce.
California experienced a notable decline in per capita cigarette consumption during its
comprehensive tobacco control programme. Per capita cigarette consumption computed from
cigarette sales and from adult respondents to the large, cross-sectional, population-based
California Tobacco Surveys were examined for similar trends.
Most of the decline in per capita cigarette consumption for the population as a whole was
from current smokers smoking less followed by a reduction in ever smokers. While the
portion of the decline due to quitting in the entire population in period 1 was
negligible, in period 2 it accounted for 22% of the total per capita decline.
Population health benefits from reduced per capita cigarette consumption will likely occur
over the longer term from fewer people becoming ever smokers.