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Evidence of patrilocal residence has also been found among Neanderthals and ancient hominids. The practice of patrilocal residence has been found in a majority of the world's cultures that have been described ethnographically. Patrilocality refers to the custom of patrilocal residence, that is, the custom of a newly married couple taking up residence in the groom's family household or village.
In social anthropology, patrilocal residence is a term referring to the social system in which a married couple resides with the husband's parents. The concept of location in patrilocal residence may extend to a town or clan territory. Patrilocal designates or pertains to a pattern of marriage in which the couple settles in the husband's home or community. In a patrilocal residence society, wife joins husband's home, where they raise their children.
Children will follow the same pattern in a patrilocal residence society. Sons will stay and daughters will move in with their husbands' families in a patrilocal society. Families living in a patrilocal residence generally assume joint ownership of domestic sources. Both matrilocal residence and patrilocal residence are terms that are used in social anthropology to describe where married couples settle after marriage.
Matrilocal Residence is the custom or practice of a new husband moving to his wife's village or household after marriage. Matrilocal residence tends to be found among matrilineal societies. Matrilocal designates or pertains to a pattern of marriage in which a married couple settles in the wife's home or community. Neolocal Residence is now common in North America and other industrialized nations in which the importance of kinship is minimized.
An Evaluation of Alternative Theories of
Matrilocal Versus Patrilocal Residence -
Carol R. Ember - Hunter College of the City University of New York,
Cross-Cultural Research, Vol. 9.
New cross-cultural evidence relating type of warfare to societal size suggests that warfare is more likely to play a role in determining residence than vice versa, contrary to Dicale's theory. A new model, taking Divale's findings into account, is presented.Revolutionary social change and patrilocal residence in China. - Whyte MK. Ethnology, 1979 Jul;8(3):211-27.
Abstract: The degree to which the patrilocal residence of the Chinese peasant family has been altered by the revolutionary changes initiated by the Chinese communists since 1949 is examined. The collectivization of agriculture, the expansion of rural education, the mobilization of women for regular field labor, and other revolutionary changes have all had a marked effect on patrilocal residence. None of these changes has served to have a necessary weakening effect on the patrilocal residence principle. Patrilocal residence continues despite the occasional ambivalence shown in efforts to publicize the many advantages of uxorilocal residence.