Sociology Index


Nuremberg trials were a series of trials of former Nazi leaders for alleged war crimes, crimes against peace, and crimes against humanity. Nuremberg trials was presided over by an International Military Tribunal representing the victorious Allied Powers. Nuremberg trials was held in Nuremberg in 1945-6. Many were brought to Nuremberg trials and some sentenced to death. The trial provides a better basis for understanding the nature and causes of evil than do the Nuremberg trials from 1945 to 1949. Nuremberg trials was a tribunal established in the German city of Nuremberg by Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union and the United States, to bring to trial those war criminals whose actions during the Second World War were deemed to be international crimes against humanity.

Other nations brought to trial those thought to be guilty of war crimes against citizens of one nation. Israel, during Nuremberg trials, brought Adolf Eichmann, a major figure in the organization of the Holocaust, to Nuremberg trials in 1960, found him guilty and he was hanged. Those who come to the trials expecting to find sadistic monsters are generally disappointed.

What is shocking about Nuremberg is the ordinariness of the defendants: men who may be good fathers, kind to animals, even unassuming - yet who committed unspeakable crimes. Years later, reporting on the trial of Adolf Eichmann, Hannah Arendt wrote of the banality of evil. Like Eichmann, most Nuremberg defendants never aspired to be villains.

Stages in the Evolution of Holocaust Studies: From the Nuremberg Trials to the Present
Irving Horowitz, Human Rights Review. Abstract Measuring genocide is an effort to treat the Holocaust within the framework of the history of ideas, specifically, how an event of enormous magnitude in terms of life and death issues as such embodied within a political system called National Socialism has an intellectual afterlife of some consequence.

Nuremberg's Legacy Continues: The Nuremberg Trials' Influence on Human Rights Litigation in U.S. Courts Under the Alien Tort Statute - Gwynne Skinner, Willamette University - College of Law. Abstract: This article traces the Nuremberg trials' influence on human rights litigation in the United States under the Alien Tort Statute, especially in the area of corporate complicity, and argues that the use of the Nuremberg trials as precedent in modern domestic human rights litigation is appropriate.

What Can War Crimes Trials Teach? German Collective Memories of the Nuremberg Trials
Wolfgram, Mark - Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 50th ANNUAL CONVENTION "EXPLORING THE PAST, ANTICIPATING THE FUTURE". Abstract: Political philosophers are divided over the role that courts should play beyond determining the guilt or innocence of the defendant. Hannah Arendt has argued that any attempt to add other roles to the court process, such as public education or the recording of historical truth, perverts the goal of justice as it risks politicization. This article looks at both these arguments and more recent scholarship. Specifically, it reevaluates the legacy of the Nuremberg trial in Germany as a tool of public education.

Language and Implicit Attributions in the Nuremberg Trials: Analyzing Prosecutors' and Defense Attorneys' Closing Speeches. - Schmid, Jeannette; Fiedler, Klaus. Abstract: Investigates attributional implications of prosecutors' and defense attorneys' language strategies using the protocols of the historical Nuremberg trials. States that apart from more positive statements regarding the defendants being made by defense lawyers than prosecutors, both sides used a number of subtler strategies.