Among distinguished sociologists, Norbert Elias was a German sociologist. Norbert Elias' Uber den Prozess der Zivilisation is now regarded as a classic of historical sociology since its recent publication as The Civilizing Process (1939). It traces the historical developments of the European habitus, or "second nature," individual psychic structures molded by social attitudes.
In The Court Society (1969), Norbert Elias studies the evolution of ceremony in the court before the French Revolution, the economic decline of aristocratic society as a result of its internal competition for influence, and the emergence of bourgeois society.
In The Loneliness of the Dying (1982) Norbert Elias deals with individual norms of restraint on the process of dying (sociology of death and dying) in a secular society.
In What is Sociology? (1970) Norbert Elias developed figurational analysis, he shaped what is called process or figurational sociology. Group or community refers to figurations of interdependent individuals.