The concept of nationalism like the concept of nation has two quite distinct meanings. Common to both definitions
is the idea that it is the nation which provides people with their primary form of
belonging and that these nations should be self-governing. We call it nationalism when
people of the world who are located within nations, identify with these nation states and
political activity is organized around these nation states.
Civic nationalism or liberal nationalism defines the
nation as an association of people with equal and shared political rights who follow
similar political procedures and all citizens within a nation state are treated as equal
and share political values. Civic nationalism or liberal nationalism is not based on
common ethnic ancestry or ethnicity.
The concern that nation states and thus nationalism are
increasingly being organized around ethnic or other characteristics are frequently
described as the tribalization of the modern world.
The book Encountering Nationalism (21st Century
Sociology) addresses the rise of nationalism in the US post-September 11, brings
together culturalist and state-centered approaches to nationalism, and
underscores the importance of race, gender, sexuality, ethnicity,
and religion to understanding nationalism.
Nationalism, Ethnic Conflict, and Rationality
Ashutosh Varshney, Associate professor of political science at the University of Michigan
Abstract: Does a rational calculus lie beneath the nationalist pride and passions? Why do
we have so many ethnic partisans in the world ready to die as suicide bombers? Can it be
discovered if only we apply our understanding of rationality more creatively? This
focusses on the nationalism of resistance.
Partisans and Nationalists
Rethinking Cleavage Formation and Political Nationalism in Interwar Flanders and Scotland
Patrick Hossay, Social Science History 2003 27(2):165-196;
Abstract: Sociopolitical cleavages in general, and nationalism in particular, are viewed
as having taken form outside the partisan arena, and only subsequent to their societal
formation do they take on political importance. The author argues for the importance of
political forces in defining and shaping the political and social meaning and significance
of nationalism. Political nationalism did not emerge as a necessary concomitant to
societal and cultural change; it was in part the result of political conditions and
Social Theorys Methodological Nationalism - Myth and
Daniel Chernilo, University Alberto Hurtado, Santiago - European Journal of Social Theory,
Vol. 9, No. 1, 5-22 (2006)
The equation between the concept of society and the nation-state in modernity is known as
methodological nationalism in scholarly debates. In agreement with the thesis that
methodological nationalism must be rejected and transcended. Critically reviews the most
salient critique of methodological nationalism in contemporary social theory, that of Ulrich Beck. The final part of the article assesses the thesis
of social theorys immanent methodological nationalism by demonstrating how social
theorys equivocations towards the nation-state only mirror the nation-states
own ambivalence within modernity.
Nationalism Across Borders: Transnational Nationalist Advocacy in the European
Devashree Guptaa - Carleton College, USA - Comparative European Politics (2008) 6,
Abstract: This paper expands the narrow view of transnational contention in Europe by
examining how the EU can redefine and affect the relationship between movements and states
by interacting with transnational movements in varied ways ranging from patron to
adversary. The author argues that the EU regularly interposes itself in the contentious
relationship between movements and states through five key mechanisms: brokerage,
certification, de-certification, resource transfer, and displacement.
Clarence Thomas's Black Nationalism
Mark Tushnet - Harvard University - Harvard Law School
Abstract: This Essay examines Clarence Thomas's opinions in education cases, extracting
from them themes of black nationalism and strict individualism.
I use a similar tension exhibited in two controversies over editorials W.E.B. Du Bois
wrote for the NAACP magazine The Crisis as a way of exploring whether the tension can be
reconciled. Much of the tension can be resolved by treating black nationalism either as a
choice made by African Americans as individuals or as a second-best strategy for
strengthening the black community when its members lack
effective choice in education.
Australian Nationalism and Working-Class Britishness: The Case of Rugby League
By Tony Collins, De Montfort University, United Kingdom (April 2005)
Abstract: Sport has traditionally been seen as a vehicle for the expression of Australian
nationalism. Following W. F. Mandle's work on cricket and nationalism, sporting contests
between Australia and England have been portrayed as asserting Australian feelings of
independence and hostility to Britain.
Nationalism at the centre and periphery of Capitalism. BRESSER-PEREIRA,
Luiz Carlos. ISSN 0103-4014.
Abstract: In this work I show that nationalism, together with liberalism,
socialism, efficientism and the environmentalism, is one of the ideologies of the
modern societies. In the first section, I define nation as the form of society politically
organized that is born with the Capitalist Revolution and leads to the formation of the
nation-state, and nationalism as the corresponding ideology. I distinguish the nationalism
of the central countries from that one of the peripheral countries; while in the first the
nationalism is implicit, in the peripherals is explicit or then turn to the cosmopolitism.
I argument that the imperialism, even being inevitable between strong and week countries,
will change its characteristics when this relation of forces is modified as a consequence
of the nationalism of the dominated ones.
Frisian nationalism: a response to cultural and political hegemony. J
The author outlines nationalism's relation to the concepts of patriarchy
and racism, by highlighting their shared tendency to express
dominance - subservience relations. At the same time, the concept of hegemony is introduced as the process which seeks to
institutionalize unequal power relations based on characteristics of gender, 'race', and
Economic nationalism: from Friedrich List to Robert Reich
DAVID LEVI-FAUR - Walter A. Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley,
Review of International Studies (1997), 23:3:359-370 Cambridge University Press
Abstract: Three principal schools of political economy - economic liberalism, economic
socialism and economic nationalism - are offered to students of international political
economy by the professional literature.
Nationalism and globalization : a Central European
Milan Bufon, Ph.D., Lecturer, University of Ljubljana
ZRS - Science and Research Centre of the Republic of Slovenia
Different relations and aspects of nationalism and globalization in Central Europe. The
persistence of a mosaic of regional, ethnic and national identities, which have produced a
cultural based nationalism and, even recently, a fragmentation of multi-national political
and territorial formations, contrasts sharply with the classical western-European
state-based nationalism, which has been characterized by a severe internal cultural
China's new nationalism and cross-strait relations
Yongnian Zheng, China Policy Institute, The University of Nottingham, Lye Liang Fook, East
Asian Institute, National University of Singapore. International Relations of the Asia
Pacific Vol. 7 No. 1
The new wave of nationalistic fervor in China is believed to have further complicated
cross-strait relations. Ordinary Chinese are not willing to see Taiwan moving towards
independence. The Beijing leadership has so far been able to keep the new nationalism in
check by adopting a calibrated response to perceived independence moves by Taiwan.
Ethnic Nationalism: Politics, Ideology, and the World Order - Nagel,
Abstract: Source: International Journal of Comparative Sociology, Volume 34, Numbers 1-2,
1993 , pp. 103-112(10)
Researchers have catalogued widespread, often persistent ethnic conflict and ethnic
nationalist movements occurring around the world in widely diverse settings.
Nationalism and Bounded Integration: What it Would Take to Construct a European
LARS-ERIK CEDERMAN, Harvard University, USA, European Journal of International Relations,
Vol. 7, No. 2 (2001)
Assumptions of polity-formation underpinning the debate about the European Union's
democratic legitimacy. It uses theories of nationalism to understand why a demos is
unlikely to develop easily at the European level. I conclude that the most promising
approach to European demos-formation conceives of identities as both constructed and
Nationalism and Globalisation
Mary Kaldor, Department of Government, London School of Economics
Abstract: This article argues that the current wave of nationalism has to be understood as
a response to globalisation and not as evidence for the enduring nature of the national
idea. It defends the modernist paradigm as a way of explaining nationalism and emphasises
the role of war in the construction of nationalism. It puts forward
an explanation for the current wave of nationalism in terms of changes in the division of labour, in communications and in war and it
describes the key characteristics of what the author calls the 'new nationalism'.
Implicit American Nationalism: Effects of the American Flag on Desire for Power
Ferguson, Melissa. and Carter, Travis J.
Abstract: Nationalistic ideologies consist of beliefs, attitudes, goals, and behaviors
that prescribe certain economic, political, or social systems and values for a particular
Nationalism and the May Thirtieth Movement: an analysis of the northern
Guangxu Ao, The Department of History, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou
Abstract: Trilateral interactions existed between nationalism, the May Thirtieth Movement
and the northern intelligentsia. Nationalism was an intellectual trend mainly popular
among intellectuals, especially the northern intelligentsia. On the one hand, this trend
of thought drove the Movement throughout the country; on the other hand, it exacerbated
differentiation and stratification among the intelligentsia, which, to some extent,
restrained the Movement. Gradually, it had become the spiritual core around which the
right-wing intelligentsia gathered, forming the rudiment of the Third Force.
At the same time, the May Thirtieth Movement provided ideal conditions for nationalism to
reach its climax.