Sociology Index

Nationalism

The concept of nationalism like the concept of nation has two quite distinct meanings. Common to both definitions is the idea that it is the nation which provides people with their primary form of belonging and that these nations should be self-governing. We call it nationalism when people of the world who are located within nations, identify with these nation states and political activity is organized around these nation states.

Civic nationalism or liberal nationalism defines the nation as an association of people with equal and shared political rights who follow similar political procedures and all citizens within a nation state are treated as equal and share political values. Civic nationalism or liberal nationalism is not based on common ethnic ancestry or ethnicity.

The concern that nation states and thus nationalism are increasingly being organized around ethnic or other characteristics are frequently described as the tribalization of the modern world.

The book Encountering Nationalism (21st Century Sociology) addresses the rise of nationalism in the US post-September 11, brings together “culturalist” and state-centered approaches to nationalism, and underscores the importance of race, gender, sexuality, ethnicity, and religion to understanding nationalism.

Nationalism, Ethnic Conflict, and Rationality
Ashutosh Varshney, Associate professor of political science at the University of Michigan
Abstract: Does a rational calculus lie beneath the nationalist pride and passions? Why do we have so many ethnic partisans in the world ready to die as suicide bombers? Can it be discovered if only we apply our understanding of rationality more creatively? This focusses on the nationalism of resistance.

Partisans and Nationalists
Rethinking Cleavage Formation and Political Nationalism in Interwar Flanders and Scotland
Patrick Hossay, Social Science History 2003 27(2):165-196;
Abstract: Sociopolitical cleavages in general, and nationalism in particular, are viewed as having taken form outside the partisan arena, and only subsequent to their societal formation do they take on political importance. The author argues for the importance of political forces in defining and shaping the political and social meaning and significance of nationalism. Political nationalism did not emerge as a necessary concomitant to societal and cultural change; it was in part the result of political conditions and institutions.

Social Theory’s Methodological Nationalism - Myth and Reality
Daniel Chernilo, University Alberto Hurtado, Santiago - European Journal of Social Theory, Vol. 9, No. 1, 5-22 (2006)
The equation between the concept of society and the nation-state in modernity is known as methodological nationalism in scholarly debates. In agreement with the thesis that methodological nationalism must be rejected and transcended. Critically reviews the most salient critique of methodological nationalism in contemporary social theory, that of Ulrich Beck. The final part of the article assesses the thesis of social theory’s immanent methodological nationalism by demonstrating how social theory’s equivocations towards the nation-state only mirror the nation-state’s own ambivalence within modernity.

Nationalism Across Borders: Transnational Nationalist Advocacy in the European Union
Devashree Guptaa - Carleton College, USA - Comparative European Politics (2008) 6, 61–80.
Abstract: This paper expands the narrow view of transnational contention in Europe by examining how the EU can redefine and affect the relationship between movements and states by interacting with transnational movements in varied ways ranging from patron to adversary. The author argues that the EU regularly interposes itself in the contentious relationship between movements and states through five key mechanisms: brokerage, certification, de-certification, resource transfer, and displacement.

Clarence Thomas's Black Nationalism
Mark Tushnet - Harvard University - Harvard Law School
Abstract: This Essay examines Clarence Thomas's opinions in education cases, extracting from them themes of black nationalism and strict individualism. I use a similar tension exhibited in two controversies over editorials W.E.B. Du Bois wrote for the NAACP magazine The Crisis as a way of exploring whether the tension can be reconciled. Much of the tension can be resolved by treating black nationalism either as a choice made by African Americans as individuals or as a second-best strategy for strengthening the black community when its members lack effective choice in education.

Australian Nationalism and Working-Class Britishness: The Case of Rugby League Football
By Tony Collins, De Montfort University, United Kingdom (April 2005)
Abstract: Sport has traditionally been seen as a vehicle for the expression of Australian nationalism. Following W. F. Mandle's work on cricket and nationalism, sporting contests between Australia and England have been portrayed as asserting Australian feelings of independence and hostility to Britain.

Nationalism at the centre and periphery of Capitalism. BRESSER-PEREIRA, Luiz Carlos. ISSN 0103-4014.
Abstract: In this work I show that nationalism, together with liberalism, socialism, efficientism and the environmentalism, is one of the ideologies of the modern societies. In the first section, I define nation as the form of society politically organized that is born with the Capitalist Revolution and leads to the formation of the nation-state, and nationalism as the corresponding ideology. I distinguish the nationalism of the central countries from that one of the peripheral countries; while in the first the nationalism is implicit, in the peripherals is explicit or then turn to the cosmopolitism. I argument that the imperialism, even being inevitable between strong and week countries, will change its characteristics when this relation of forces is modified as a consequence of the nationalism of the dominated ones.

Frisian nationalism: a response to cultural and political hegemony. J Penrose
The author outlines nationalism's relation to the concepts of patriarchy and racism, by highlighting their shared tendency to express dominance - subservience relations. At the same time, the concept of hegemony is introduced as the process which seeks to institutionalize unequal power relations based on characteristics of gender, 'race', and culture.

Economic nationalism: from Friedrich List to Robert Reich
DAVID LEVI-FAUR - Walter A. Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley, USA.
Review of International Studies (1997), 23:3:359-370 Cambridge University Press
Abstract: Three principal schools of political economy - economic liberalism, economic socialism and economic nationalism - are offered to students of international political economy by the professional literature.

Nationalism and globalization : a Central European perspective
Milan Bufon, Ph.D., Lecturer, University of Ljubljana
ZRS - Science and Research Centre of the Republic of Slovenia
Different relations and aspects of nationalism and globalization in Central Europe. The persistence of a mosaic of regional, ethnic and national identities, which have produced a cultural based nationalism and, even recently, a fragmentation of multi-national political and territorial formations, contrasts sharply with the classical western-European state-based nationalism, which has been characterized by a severe internal cultural standardization.

China's new nationalism and cross-strait relations
Yongnian Zheng, China Policy Institute, The University of Nottingham, Lye Liang Fook, East Asian Institute, National University of Singapore. International Relations of the Asia Pacific Vol. 7 No. 1
The new wave of nationalistic fervor in China is believed to have further complicated cross-strait relations. Ordinary Chinese are not willing to see Taiwan moving towards independence. The Beijing leadership has so far been able to keep the new nationalism in check by adopting a calibrated response to perceived independence moves by Taiwan.

Ethnic Nationalism: Politics, Ideology, and the World Order - Nagel, Joane
Abstract: Source: International Journal of Comparative Sociology, Volume 34, Numbers 1-2, 1993 , pp. 103-112(10)
Researchers have catalogued widespread, often persistent ethnic conflict and ethnic nationalist movements occurring around the world in widely diverse settings.

Nationalism and Bounded Integration: What it Would Take to Construct a European Demos
LARS-ERIK CEDERMAN, Harvard University, USA, European Journal of International Relations, Vol. 7, No. 2 (2001)
Assumptions of polity-formation underpinning the debate about the European Union's democratic legitimacy. It uses theories of nationalism to understand why a demos is unlikely to develop easily at the European level. I conclude that the most promising approach to European demos-formation conceives of identities as both constructed and 'sticky'.

Nationalism and Globalisation
Mary Kaldor, Department of Government, London School of Economics
Abstract: This article argues that the current wave of nationalism has to be understood as a response to globalisation and not as evidence for the enduring nature of the national idea. It defends the modernist paradigm as a way of explaining nationalism and emphasises the role of war in the construction of nationalism. It puts forward an explanation for the current wave of nationalism in terms of changes in the division of labour, in communications and in war and it describes the key characteristics of what the author calls the 'new nationalism'.

Implicit American Nationalism: Effects of the American Flag on Desire for Power and Materialism
Ferguson, Melissa. and Carter, Travis J.
Abstract: Nationalistic ideologies consist of beliefs, attitudes, goals, and behaviors that prescribe certain economic, political, or social systems and values for a particular nation.

Nationalism and the May Thirtieth Movement: an analysis of the northern intelligentsia
Guangxu Ao, The Department of History, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou
Abstract: Trilateral interactions existed between nationalism, the May Thirtieth Movement and the northern intelligentsia. Nationalism was an intellectual trend mainly popular among intellectuals, especially the northern intelligentsia. On the one hand, this trend of thought drove the Movement throughout the country; on the other hand, it exacerbated differentiation and stratification among the intelligentsia, which, to some extent, restrained the Movement. Gradually, it had become the spiritual core around which the right-wing intelligentsia gathered, forming the rudiment of the “Third Force”. At the same time, the May Thirtieth Movement provided ideal conditions for nationalism to reach its climax.