Misogyny is the contempt for, or prejudice against
women or girls. Misogyny including social exclusion, sex discrimination,
androcentrism, patriarchy, violence against women,
and sexual objectification. Misogyny can be historically found in texts of
religions, mythologies, and even Western philosophies.
According to sociologist Allan G. Johnson, "misogyny is a cultural attitude of hatred for females because they are female." Aristotle contended that women exist as natural deformities or imperfect males. According to sociologist Michael Flood at the University of Wollongong, misogyny functions as an ideology or belief system that has accompanied patriarchal, or male-dominated societies for thousands of years.
Misogyny is hatred or strong prejudice against women. Misogyny is found in every aspect of our civilization in the form of male fear and hatred against women. The foundations of early Christian misogyny its dread of female seduction are all in St. Paul's epistles. They provided a convenient supply of divinely inspired misogynistic texts for any Christian writer who chose to use them. The Troublesome Helpmate: A History of Misogyny in Literature Katherine M. Rogers.
Misogyny, Women, and Obstacles to Tertiary
Education: A Vile Situation
Joyce Stalker, University of Waikato, Adult Education Quarterly, Vol. 51, No. 4, 288-305 (2001). This article uses empirical data to demonstrate that misogyny (a hatred of women) creates a useful, sharper theorization from which to explicate obstacles to women's participation in tertiary education. Using misogyny to interpret traditional deterrence themes such as lack of energy, family commitments, and child care responsibilities produces new meanings for these barriers. This article suggests that a theorization based in misogyny has the ability to explain obstacles to women's participation in tertiary education.
MISOGYNY ON AND OFF THE "PITCH" -
The Gendered World of Male Rugby Players. STEVEN P. SCHACHT, Gonzaga University, Spokane.
Gender Society, Vol. 10, No. 5, 550-565 (1996).
From a feminist perspective and using an ethnographic methodology, this article explores the gendered world of male rugby players in terms of how they socially and relationally propagate gender roles. Rugby players' social reproduction of gender, ultimately grounded in misogyny, allows these men at the individual level to psychologically and sometimes physically dominate women.
Misogyny, Androgyny, and Sexual Harassment: Sex Discrimination in a Gender-Deconstructed World, MEREDITH RENDER, University of Maryland - School of Law - Harvard Journal of Law & Gender, Vol. 29.
Abstract: Understanding sexual harassment as a form of discrimination "because of sex" has grown increasingly difficult as our understandings of both gender and sex have grown richer and more complex. This piece offers a new descriptive model for understanding gender bias in the context of sexual harassment law.
Machismo, misogyny, and homophobia in a male athletic subculture: a participant-observation study of deviant rituals in collegiate rugby- Muir, Kenneth; Seitz, Trina - Deviant Behavior, Volume 25.
Abstract: Sociological literature focusing on athletic subcultures is abundant; however, little exists that specifically addresses the deviant conduct inherent within these enclaves. Collegiate rugby in the United States is considered by many to be an emerging sport; as such, little is known about the deviant behavior, both criminal and non-criminal, that is inherent within the subculture. Utilizing participant and non-participant observation over the course of several years, this study explores the ritualistic deviant conduct within the male collegiate rugby subculture. The behavior is framed in terms of a functional group phenomenon that appears to be largely perpetuated by the notions of homophobia, machismo, and misogyny.
Male Competition and Misogyny in Two Interludes by John Heywood, Louis C.
Journal of Gender Studies, Volume 11, Number 2, 1 July 2002, pp. 129-139(11).
Abstract: This article examines two interludes by the Tudor playwright John Heywood in light of the gender politics of the texts. The Four PP is interpreted as a dramatization of a male contest that encourages bonding and good fellowship on the one hand, and degrades the female body on the other. Johan Johan is seen as another male contest, but one set in a farcical, carnivalesque genre which addresses male anxieties by temporarily upsetting the normal sexual hierarchy.
Charcot and the myth of misogyny - Christopher G. Goetz, MD, From Rush University/Rush Presbyterian St. Luke's Medical Center, Chicago, IL.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate Jean-Martin Charcot's attitudes toward women and evaluate contemporary and modern accusations of misogyny.
Misogyny in the nursing world? A historical
overview. Zapico F, Adrian J., Escuela Universitaria de Enfermeria Valle Hebron de Barcelona.
Since their origins, surgical practices and specialties in the hands of men have enjoyed an enormous social recognition while those treatment practices and care tasks which have women as their main protagonists frequently fall into a forgotten and silent place.
'She's a pretty woman for a gook': The Misogyny of the Vietnam War- The Journal of American Culture.
Barbara Helm - Combating Misogyny? Responses to Nietzsche by Turn.