The foundations of early Christian misogyny, its dread of female seduction are all in St. Paul's epistles. Misogyny is the contempt for, or prejudice against women or girls. A woman even though she may be financially independent, the fact that she is a woman makes her secondary to the man of the house. And this lays the foundation for the deep-rooted misogyny in his mind. Misogyny and patriarchy go hand in hand. Misogyny can be historically found in texts of religions, mythologies in Eastern and Western philosophies. According to sociologist Allan G. Johnson, "misogyny is a cultural attitude of hatred for females because they are female." Misogyny includes social exclusion, sex discrimination, androcentrism, patriarchy, violence against women, and sexual objectification.
Men in general do not care for feminist label. Assaulting a woman’s very being, either physically or verbally, is the misogynist way of trying to control a woman’s mind. They will want to get her to doubt herself? They willbBody-shame her. They will want to control her desires and keep them from manifesting? According to sociologist Michael Flood at the University of Wollongong, misogyny functions as an ideology or belief system that has accompanied patriarchal, or male-dominated societies for thousands of years. Misogyny is found in every aspect of our civilization in the form of male fear and hatred against women.
The term misogyny itself comes directly into English from the Ancient Greek word misogunia, which survives in several passages. Misandry is the hatred of, contempt for, or prejudice against men or boys. The "legacy of Christian misogyny was consolidated by the so-called 'Fathers' of the Church, like Tertullian, who thought a woman was not only 'the gateway of the devil' but also 'a temple built over a sewer'." Ruthven, K. K (1990). Feminist literary studies: An introduction.
Misogyny, Women, and Obstacles to Tertiary Education: A Vile Situation, Joyce Stalker, University of Waikato, Adult Education Quarterly, Vol. 51, No. 4, 288-305 (2001). This article uses empirical data to demonstrate that misogyny creates a useful, sharper theorization from which to explicate obstacles to women's participation in tertiary education. Using misogyny to interpret traditional deterrence themes such as lack of energy, family commitments, and child care responsibilities produces new meanings for these barriers. This article suggests that a theorization based in misogyny has the ability to explain obstacles to women's participation in tertiary education.
MISOGYNY ON AND OFF THE "PITCH" -
The Gendered World of Male Rugby Players.
Steven P. Schacht, Gonzaga University, Spokane. Gender
From a feminist perspective and using an ethnographic methodology, this article explores the gendered world of male rugby players in terms of how they socially and relationally propagate gender roles. Rugby players' social reproduction of gender, ultimately grounded in misogyny, allows these men at the individual level to psychologically and sometimes physically dominate women.
Misogyny, Androgyny, and Sexual Harassment: Sex Discrimination in a
Gender-Deconstructed World, MEREDITH RENDER, University of Maryland - School
of Law - Harvard Journal of Law & Gender, Vol. 29.
Abstract: Understanding sexual harassment as a form of discrimination "because of sex" has grown increasingly difficult as our understandings of both gender and sex have grown richer and more complex. This piece offers a new descriptive model for understanding gender bias in the context of sexual harassment law.
Machismo, misogyny, and homophobia in a male athletic subculture: a participant-observation study of deviant rituals in collegiate rugby- Muir, Kenneth; Seitz, Trina - Deviant Behavior, Volume 25. Abstract: Sociological literature focusing on athletic subcultures is abundant; however, little exists that specifically addresses the deviant conduct inherent within these enclaves. Collegiate rugby in the United States is considered by many to be an emerging sport; as such, little is known about the deviant behavior, both criminal and non-criminal, that is inherent within the subculture. Utilizing participant and non-participant observation over the course of several years, this study explores the ritualistic deviant conduct within the male collegiate rugby subculture. The behavior is framed in terms of a functional group phenomenon that appears to be largely perpetuated by the notions of homophobia, machismo, and misogyny.
Charcot and the myth of misogyny - Christopher G. Goetz, MD, From Rush University/Rush Presbyterian St. Luke's Medical Center, Chicago, IL. Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate Jean-Martin Charcot's attitudes toward women and evaluate contemporary and modern accusations of misogyny. Although overtly apolitical throughout his life and certainly not a feminist in the modern definition of the term, Charcot worked to incorporate women professionally into neurology, advanced areas of women's health in a largely women's hospital, and dispelled the prejudice that hysteria was a woman's malady.
Male Competition and Misogyny in Two Interludes by John
Heywood, Louis C.
Journal of Gender Studies, Volume 11, Number 2, 1 July 2002, pp. 129-139(11).
Abstract: This article examines two interludes by the Tudor playwright John Heywood in light of the gender politics of the texts. The Four PP is interpreted as a dramatization of a male contest that encourages bonding and good fellowship on the one hand, and degrades the female body on the other. Johan Johan is seen as another male contest, but one set in a farcical, carnivalesque genre which addresses male anxieties by temporarily upsetting the normal sexual hierarchy.
Misogyny in the nursing world? A historical
overview. Zapico F, Adrian J., Escuela Universitaria de Enfermeria Valle Hebron de Barcelona.
Since their origins, surgical practices and specialties in the hands of men have enjoyed an enormous social recognition while those treatment practices and care tasks which have women as their main protagonists frequently fall into a forgotten and silent place.
'She's a pretty woman for a gook': The Misogyny of the Vietnam War- The Journal of American Culture.
Combating Misogyny? Responses to Nietzsche by Turn-of-the-Century German Feminists. Barbara Helm. Institute for Philosophy, University of Tübingen, and Max-Planck Research Centre for Ornithology, Andechs, Germany. A critical reappraisal of the historical response of women to Nietzsche's alleged misogyny, following an introduction to German feminism at the time.