Sociology Index E-Books

MISCEGENATION

Miscegenation is sex between individuals of differing racial groups. The interbreeding of Whites and non-Whites. A mulatto is an individual with mixed black and white heritage.

Miscegenation is mixing of people considered to be of different racial types. Miscegenation is mixing of genes. Miscegenated means produced by miscegenation, that is, produced of mixed descent. At various times and places (including the American south and South Africa under apartheid) there have been laws prohibiting both sexual intercourse and marriage between racially mixed couples.

The Supreme Court of the United States struck down miscegenation laws in the year 1967. In the United States, the state laws prohibited the marriage of whites and blacks, and many state laws prohibited the intermarriage of whites with Native Americans or Asians. In the U.S., such laws were known as anti-miscegenation laws.

The American Melting Pot? Miscegenation Laws in the United States.
Cruz, Barbara C.; Berson, Michael J. OAH Magazine of History, v15 n4 p80-84 Sum 2001
Abstract: Explores miscegenation in U.S. history, some motivations for anti-miscegenation policy, and the landmark decision of the 1967 case of "Loving v. Virginia." Includes three recent examples of miscegenation policy in the United States with questions for class discussion.

A Quantitative History of Anti-Miscegenation Legislation in the United States, 1880-1940
Washington, Scott Leon - Presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society Association
Abstract: Putting to work an independently compiled dataset containing over 30 decades and 300 years of anti-miscegenation activity in the United States (1661-1967), the current paper provides a comprehensive analysis of the spread and intensification of anti-miscegenation statutes, in states across the country, between 1880 and 1940. With the help of ArcGIS (a geographic information systems package), it takes a detailed look at the overall levels of anti-miscegenation activity that prevailed during the 1880-1940 period, and, employing a severity index that I developed and used in an earlier essay, it tracks changes in the definitions used, as well as changes in the penalties prescribed. After identifying why 1880-1940 was such a peculiar period in the history of anti-miscegenation legislation, the paper furnishes a series of contagion models predicting the anti-miscegenation profiles of individual states as a function of the anti-miscegenation profiles of adjacent states, in four, geographically distinct regions: the South, the West, the Midwest, and the Northeast.

Between Hoax and Hope: Miscegenation and Nineteenth-Century Interracial Romance
By Katharine Nicholson Ings, Manchester College
This essay surveys recent scholarship on interracial romance during the nineteenth century using the hoax Miscegenation pamphlet of 1863 as a lens. An anonymous and ironic piece of writing that promoted race-mixing from a deceptively Republican perspective, Miscegenation coined the titular term, newly situating interracial relationships within a Latinate, pseudo-scientific framework. It also encouraged romance between white women and black men, an endorsement that was designed to enrage its white male readership but in fact gave hope to some white women who were unable to articulate their interracial desire publicly. I read the Miscegenation pamphlet as a kind of scientific romance fiction itself.

Slavery's Shadow Families: Rethinking Miscegenation Regulation
Davis, Adrienne - Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society Association
Abstract: Two narratives of interracial intimacy have dominated U.S. culture. The first story is about the rules states erected prohibiting and punishing interracial intimacy. Miscegenation regulation appears to be the sexual manifestation of social apartheid, and law worked to secure sexual racial apartheid. The second narrative of interracial intimacy is about antebellum slavery and its sexual injustices and injuries. Criminal law excluded enslaved black women from protection from rape while the status rules dictated that a child’s status as slave or free was inherited from the mother, without regard to the father. These legal rules allowing sexual and reproductive commodification and coercion secured white male sexual access to black women, the conceptual converse of sexual racial apartheid. Slavery comprised a sexually libertarian regime, one in which white men could pursue their intimate interests at will. Each of these two narratives represents the injuries of miscegenation regulation in very specific ways, as reinforcing racial hierarchies by securing sexual apartheid or by inflicting racial injury by protecting white men’s unfettered sexual access to black women. Neither an understanding of miscegenation rules as sexual racial apartheid nor as sexual libertarianism predicts or accounts for law’s management of interracial intimacy.