Miscegenation is sex between individuals of differing
racial groups. The interbreeding of Whites and non-Whites. A mulatto
is an individual with mixed black and white heritage.
Miscegenation is mixing of people considered to be of
different racial types. Miscegenation is mixing of genes. Miscegenated means produced by
miscegenation, that is, produced of mixed descent. At various times and places (including
the American south and South Africa under apartheid) there have been laws prohibiting both
sexual intercourse and marriage between racially mixed couples.
The Supreme Court of the United States struck down
miscegenation laws in the year 1967. In the United States, the state laws prohibited the
marriage of whites and blacks, and many state laws prohibited the intermarriage of whites
with Native Americans or Asians. In the U.S., such laws were known as anti-miscegenation
The American Melting Pot? Miscegenation Laws in
the United States.
Cruz, Barbara C.; Berson, Michael J. OAH Magazine of History, v15 n4 p80-84 Sum 2001
Abstract: Explores miscegenation in U.S. history, some motivations for anti-miscegenation
policy, and the landmark decision of the 1967 case of "Loving v. Virginia."
Includes three recent examples of miscegenation policy in the United States with questions
for class discussion.
A Quantitative History of Anti-Miscegenation
Legislation in the United States, 1880-1940
Washington, Scott Leon - Presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society
Abstract: Putting to work an independently compiled dataset containing over 30 decades and
300 years of anti-miscegenation activity in the United States (1661-1967), the current
paper provides a comprehensive analysis of the spread and intensification of
anti-miscegenation statutes, in states across the country, between 1880 and 1940. With the
help of ArcGIS (a geographic information systems package), it takes a detailed look at the
overall levels of anti-miscegenation activity that prevailed during the 1880-1940 period,
and, employing a severity index that I developed and used in an earlier essay, it tracks
changes in the definitions used, as well as changes in the penalties prescribed. After
identifying why 1880-1940 was such a peculiar period in the history of anti-miscegenation
legislation, the paper furnishes a series of contagion models predicting the
anti-miscegenation profiles of individual states as a function of the anti-miscegenation
profiles of adjacent states, in four, geographically distinct regions: the South, the
West, the Midwest, and the Northeast.
Between Hoax and Hope: Miscegenation and
Nineteenth-Century Interracial Romance
By Katharine Nicholson Ings, Manchester College
This essay surveys recent scholarship on interracial romance during the nineteenth century
using the hoax Miscegenation pamphlet of 1863 as a lens. An anonymous and ironic piece of
writing that promoted race-mixing from a deceptively Republican perspective, Miscegenation
coined the titular term, newly situating interracial relationships within a Latinate,
pseudo-scientific framework. It also encouraged romance between white women and black men,
an endorsement that was designed to enrage its white male readership but in fact gave hope
to some white women who were unable to articulate their interracial desire publicly. I
read the Miscegenation pamphlet as a kind of scientific romance fiction itself.
Slavery's Shadow Families: Rethinking Miscegenation Regulation
Davis, Adrienne - Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society
Abstract: Two narratives of interracial intimacy have dominated U.S. culture. The first
story is about the rules states erected prohibiting and punishing interracial intimacy.
Miscegenation regulation appears to be the sexual manifestation of social apartheid, and
law worked to secure sexual racial apartheid. The second narrative of interracial intimacy
is about antebellum slavery and its sexual injustices and injuries. Criminal law excluded
enslaved black women from protection from rape while the status rules dictated that a
childs status as slave or free was inherited from the mother, without regard to the
father. These legal rules allowing sexual and reproductive commodification and coercion
secured white male sexual access to black women, the conceptual converse of sexual racial
apartheid. Slavery comprised a sexually libertarian regime, one in which white men could
pursue their intimate interests at will. Each of these two narratives represents the
injuries of miscegenation regulation in very specific ways, as reinforcing racial
hierarchies by securing sexual apartheid or by inflicting racial injury by protecting
white mens unfettered sexual access to black women. Neither an understanding of
miscegenation rules as sexual racial apartheid nor as sexual libertarianism predicts or
accounts for laws management of interracial intimacy.