Minority problems give rise to minority conflict. Minority as a group is a group distinguished by being on the margins of power, status or the allocation of resources within the society. Minority Group is a small group of people differing from the rest of a community in ethnic origin, religion, language, or culture; a member of such a group. In India, muslims and christians are minority as a group. We have to recognize types of minorities and typical sources of minority problems and conflict, the problems minorities experience. Minorities and their grievances and demands form a major part of study regarding minority problems.
Articles 29, 30, 350A, and 350B of the Indian Constitution use the word “minority” and its plural forms, but do not define it, creating a "minority problem." The minority problem thus became the most controversial issue before the framers of the Constitution of India. Religious minority problems of the muslim minority group in India has seen a steady increase during much of independent India's history, on account of their cynical manipulation of minority problem by various political parties, as well as the onslaught of a hateful and divisive ideology of Hindu majority group that has sought to impose Hindu political and cultural hegemony.
Minority Problems in developed countries? We can link modern minority problems to the nation-state concept due to the temptation to perpetuate cultural imperialism, linguistic hegemony and cultural hegemony.
Centre for Multiethnic Research is a cross-disciplinary forum for the study of the cultural issues, social phenomena, and processes of change related to life's ethnic dimensions and its minority problems. This field of study also covers ethnic relationships and processes in multiculturalism in societies, as well as the effects of international migration within cultures leading to minority problems. The Department of Minority Studies at Indiana University Northwest - The curriculum is designed to acquaint the student with the unique Black and Latino experiences and minority groups in general. It prepares the student to assume positions in fields, such as social services, minority group relations, and community development. Students also pursue graduate level study in the humanities and social sciences.
CEMES: Centre for European Migration and Ethnic Studies operated between 1998 - 2002, specialising in policy-relevant research, information and publishing on international migration, ethnic relations and related topics in Western, Central and Eastern Europe.
Judging Not Only by Color: Ethnicity, Nativity, and Neighborhood Attainment. Michael J. White, Brown University, Sharon Sassier, Ohio State University. Objective. We examine hypotheses derived from theories of structural assimilation and spatial mobility to study the residential attainment of white ethnics, blacks, Asians, and Hispanics in the United States. We examine how immigrant status, ethnicity, and individual and family characteristics predict socioeconomic neighborhood outcome.
Ethnic minority problems in the Niger Delta - Quaker-Dokubo, C. African Journal on Conflict Resolution. - Abstract: As a conceptual background typical types of minorities and typical sources of minority conflict are outlined. A historical overview is given of the problems Niger Delta minorities have been experiencing. Their grievances and demands are highlighted, and the responses of different Nigerian governments are discussed. As a conclusion a possible way forward is recommended, one which would take seriously the possibilities of decentralising and of creating a rewarding involvement for the impatient minorities before it is too late. - African Journals Online.
Changing Visions in Ethnic Relations - Leo Driedger. Abstract: Early studies focused on the relations between the dominant British and French charter groups, before Pierre Trudeau announced a policy of bilingualism and multiculturalism in 1971. A Royal Commission encouraged more research, where the focus of study turned from colonial to multicultural and multiethnic identity concerns, resulting in more open immigration policies. More immigrants of multiple races, religions, and cultures arrived, which required expansion of the largely white European heritage tent. By the eighties and nineties, demographic diversity, prejudice, discrimination, segregation accelerated, around problems of racism and the need for more equality and rights. While studies in the twentieth century were focused much on power and social class, research in the twenty-first century will need to explore cultures, diversity, conflict and cooperation.
Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Minority Rights Stephen May, Tariq Modood, Judith Squires.
of Racial and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Book by Guillermo Bernal, Joseph E. Trimble, Ann Kathleen Burlew, Frederick T. L. Leong.
by Faith: The Multiracial Congregation as an Answer to the Problem of Race
Book by Curtiss Paul Deyoung, Michael O. Emerson, George Yancey, Karen Chai Kim.
Trauma, Stress, and Resilience Among Sexual Minority Women: Rising Like the Phoenix Book by Kimberly F., PhD. Balsan (Editor), Kimberly F. Balsam (Editor).
Minorities: Discrimination, Challenges, and Development in America
Book by Michael J Sullivan (Editor).
Dislocating China : Muslims, Minorities, and Other Subaltern Subjects Dru C. Gladney.
The Quest for Identity: From Minority Groups to Generation Xers by Donald M. Taylor.
the Needs of Ethnic Minority Children
Book by Richard Williams (Foreword), Kedar Nath Dwivedi (Editor).
Poulter, S. Ethnicity, law and human rights
Clarendon, 1998. Ethnically heterogeneous character of modern nations ensures that minority rights form an increasingly important item on the political agenda.
Akermark, A.S. Justifications of minority
protection in international law
Kluwer Law International, 1997. Theoretical framework from the origins of minority rights in the League of Nations to its development under the UN, the Council of Europe and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. With a bibliography.
Opalski, M. and Dutkiewicz, P. (eds) Ethnic
minority rights in Central Eastern Europe
Canadian Human Rights Foundation, 1996. Surveying the ethnic minorities in the countries of the region concerned, giving a brief demographic and historical account of their situation, and evaluating their existing rights.
Thornberry, Dr.P. Minorities and human rights law
Minority Rights Group, 1991. An useful introduction to the topic of minority rights, set in the context of human rights law.
Parrillo, Vincent N. 2000. Strangers to these Shores: Race and Ethnic Relations in the United States. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. Seventh Edition.
Richard Schaeffer. Racial and Ethnic Groups, 8th edition. (NJ: Prentice Hall, 2000).
John Kromkowski, ed. Annual Editions 02/03: Race and Ethnic Relations (Guilford, Ct.: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin. 2002).
John E. Farley. Majority-Minority Relations. 4th edition.
Brown vs. Board of Education, in Stephen J. Herzog, Minority Group Politics: A Reader. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1971, pp. 39-43.
Southern Regional Council, Direct Action in the
South, in Arnold Rose and Caroline Rose (eds.) Minority Problems. New York: Harper
and Row, 1965, pp. 400-405, 407-411.
Summary of the Main Provisions of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, in Arnold Rose and Caroline Rose (eds.) Minority Problems. New York: Harper and Row, 1965, pp. 422-24.
Massey, Douglas and Nancy Denton. "Enforcing the Fair Housing Act, in American Apartheid. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1993, pp. 195-200.