Minority group is group on the margins of social power, social status or the allocation of resources within the society. Visible minority refer to those racial or ethnic groups in a society which are marginal from the power and economic structure of society, not to those which are few in number. In South Africa, Blacks are the statistical majority but were for countless decades a social minority. Women can also be identified as a social minority group. A small group of people differing from the rest of a community in ethnic origin, religion, language, or culture; a member of such a group. In sociology the term minority is not necessarily a numerical minority. Minority is being on the margins of power, status or the allocation of resources within the society. Many writers suggest and use the terms "subordinate group" and "dominant group" rather than "minority group" and "majority Group". Types of minorities and typical sources of minority conflict, the problems minorities experience, their grievances and demands form a major part of study regarding minority problems.
A Comparison of the Experiences
of Dominant and Minority Group Members during an Intergroup Encounter - Laur'i L.
Hyers, Janet K. Swim, Department of Psychology, Pennsylvania State Univ.
Focusing on the immediate effects of the intergroup situation on participants' anxiety, affect, cognitions, and task involvement, comparisons were made between the experiences of minority group members.
Interpersonal Concerns in Social
Encounters between Majority and Minority Group Members - J. Nicole Shelton, Princeton
Dyadic interactions between Whites and Blacks were examined. Whites' concern about appearing prejudiced was manipulated by informing Whites that it was extremely important not to be prejudiced during the interaction. Blacks' concern about being the target of prejudice was manipulated by informing them that their dyadic partner was prejudiced against Blacks. The findings show that these two concerns differentially impacted individuals' own and their partner's experiences in the interaction. Specifically, Whites who tried not to be prejudiced experienced more anxiety and enjoyed the interaction less, but were liked more by their Black partner. Additionally, Blacks who believed their partner was prejudiced enjoyed the interaction more, and their White partner experienced less anxiety and enjoyed the interaction more.
Minority Group Status and
Healthful Aging: Social Structure Still Matters
Jacqueline L. Angel, PhD and Ronald J. Angel, PhD
During the last 4 decades, a rapid increase has occurred in the number of survey-based and epidemiological studies of the health profiles of adults in general and of the causes of disparities between majority and minority Americans in particular. According to these studies, healthful aging consists of the absence of disease, or at least of the most serious preventable diseases and their consequences, and findings consistently reveal serious African American and Hispanic disadvantages in terms of healthful aging.
Minority Group, Majority Space - Negotiating Jewish Identity in a Southern Christian Context - Marianne Cutler, East Stroudsburg University
Based on an ethnographic study of young-adult Jews in a Southern community, this article examines strategies for the protection of self when minority groups navigate terrain that is perceived to be hostile. Although few of the participants of this study had experienced any explicitly anti-Jewish behavior directly, almost all experienced a feeling of unease living in an environment in which a public Christian identity was normative.
Minority Group Status of the Disabled - Ellen C. Wertlieb, State University of New York
An analysis of the definition of minority group indicated that the disabled can be considered as holding that status. Further exploration of the similarities and differences between the disabled and other minority groups yielded an array of factors which can have profound effects on every disabled person. The importance of using this information in a practical way was stressed.
A Framework for Investigating Minority Group Influence in Urban School Reform - Toni Griego Jones, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Minority students in urban schools have the most to gain if efforts at reforming urban school systems work and the most to lose if nothing changes. Yet research on educational reform has not addressed how minority communities influence decisions about how to change their children's schools. Thus far, research has dealt only with how reform affects minority students and communities, not with how minority groups affect the planning of reform. This article offers a more active perspective. It investigates how a minority group might influence the conceptualization, planning, and implementation of urban school reform and suggests a framework for that influence.
Stages of Ethnic Identity Development in Minority Group Adolescents
Jean S. Phinney, California State University, Los Angeles
Stages of ethnic identity development were assessed through in-depth interviews with 91 Asian-American, Black, Hispanic, and White tenth-grade students, all American born, from integrated urban high schools. Subjects were also given questionnaire measures of ego identity and psychological adjustment.
Minority Group Status, Health Transitions, and Community Living Arrangements among the
Elderly - Ronald J. Angel, Jacqueline L. Angel, University of Texas at
Christine L. Himes, Pennsylvania State University
This study examines patterns of change in functional capacity among Black and non-Latino White older persons over a 4-year period using the 1988 Longitudinal Study of Aging.
Characteristics of Minority Group Families Who Have Tried to Move Into White Neighborhoods - By S. Lynn Clark and James H. Kirk
Abstract.In a survey of 686 minority group families, there were 97, or 14 pet cent of the total sample, who had tried to move into white neighborhoods. Some of these had been successful, while the efforts of others had been thwarted for various reasons. An analysis of the characteristics of this 14 pet cent shows many interesting social as well as economic traits. The attitude that members of minority groups want to be isolated with their own finds little justification. Of particular interest are the deviations from the total survey group that this 14 per cent revealed.