Sociology Index

Micro and Macro Sociology

Macrosociology is an approach to sociology which emphasizes the analysis of social systems and populations on a large scale, the level of social structure, and at a high level of theoretical abstraction. Microsociology focuses on the individual social agency. Macrosociology concerns individuals, families, and other constituent aspects of a society in relation to larger social system of which they are a part. Macrosociology can also be the analysis of large collectivities like the city or the church. Macrosociology deals with broad societal trends that be applied to the smaller features of a society.

Macrosociology deals with issues such as war, distress of Third World nations, poverty, and environmental deprivation. Microsociology analyses issues such as the role of women, the nature of the family, and immigration.

Macrosociology and Microsociology are based on how sociologists view sociology. Macrosociologists focus on social structure, social institutions, economic change and so on. Microsociologists basically study social interaction. Microsociologists look at how families and other small groups of people interact and how they interpret the meanings of their own interactions. Macrosociologists and microsociologists generally look at the same phenomena in different ways.

The book 'The Dance of Life' is about micro-sociology and the book 'The MacDonaldization of Society' is about macro-sociology.

Do macro-sociological approaches or micro-sociological approaches tell us more about why some pupils under-achieve in school?

Social stratification and comparative macro-sociology.


The Logic and Method of Macrosociology - An Input-Output Approach to Organizational Networks - Namboodiri and Corwin make a strong case for adopting a macro perspective in sociological investigations.