Micro-perspective is a perspective, or form of analysis, which focuses on the individual and their subjectivity, rather than focusing on the structures of society thought to be external and constraining on the individual. Micro-perspective is found in symbolic interactionism, ethnomethodology, labeling theory, interpretive theory.
Sociology focuses on social structures, the processes that guide them, and the dynamics of change. Sociology covers social life from both the macro perspective of entire societies and the micro perspective of an individual or small groups. It is important to get an in-depth understanding of the macro-micro perspective, its methodological strength, underlying assumptions and problems.
Basically, any sociologist needs to know a micro from a macro approach. It's not hard. Think of micro as suggesting microscope. You look at small bits and try to understand the social process from the level of interpersonal interactions.
Bakhtin's answerability is about the attempt to understand how we should voice our thoughts and feelings when the Other can answer with the same basic skills of communication. It's about Person and Other, the micro perspective.
A good example of the micro: most of our school offices close at 5 p.m. Most of our student body is at work from 9 to 5. Most of our students eventually manage to get serviced by our school offices. If we look at the percentage of students processed by our offices, we'd find that 100 % are eventually processed. Macro level.
But if we took a micro perspective and tried to determine whether students had to take time off from work to be processed, we might not consider the service so good. Micro level. - Jeanne Curran and Susan R. Takata and Individual Authors, April 2004.