MEDIEVAL PERIOD OR MEDIAEVAL
Medieval Period is also known as the middle ages. The mediaeval or medieval period in history which lasted for round about a millennium, begins from the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century to the beginning of the Early Modern Period in the 16th century.
The term 'Medieval Period' was developed in the 18th and 19th centuries to refer to the period of European history between the decline and fall of the Roman empire and the Renaissance: approximately 500 to 1500.
The Middle Ages are subdivided into an early period called "Dark Ages", the High Middle Ages and a Later Middle Ages of growing royal power, the rise of commercial interests, and weakening customary ties of dependence, particularly after the 14th century plague.
The Middle Ages saw a gradual convergence of philosophical and theological concerns. The great thinkers of this age were theologians first and philosophers second. Augustine (354430) held firm to the Christian notions of the human predicament. For many medieval thinkers, Plato's thinking provided the necessary philosophical groundwork for belief in an afterlife. For the most part, the medieval theologian/philosophers welded Platonism
to Christianity so firmly that criticism of the synthesis was nearly tantamount to heresy.
The Medieval Theologians: An Introduction to Theology in the Medieval
Period. G. R. Evans. Oxford: Blackwell, 2001.
Institute for Medieval StudiesUniversity of Leeds - International Medieval