Sociology Index

STAY IN THE HIMALAYAN MOUNTAINS

MECHANICAL SOLIDARITY

Mechanical solidarity is found in "traditional" and small scale societies. Mechanical solidarity is a term used by David Emile Durkheim to refer to a state of community bonding or interdependency. Mechanical solidarity rests on a similarity of belief and values, shared activities, and ties of kinship and cooperation. In mechanical solidarity, its cohesion and integration comes from the homogeneity of individuals. Collective Solidarity is similar in meaning to the term mechanical solidarity.  In mechanical solidarity, social integration is based on mutuality of interests found in those societies with little Division of Labour and Modernization. In developing his mechanical solidarity and organic solidarity distinction, David Emile Durkheim drew on the organicist thinking that influenced many intellectuals of his generation, where human societies are analyzed with analogies to biological organisms. People feel connected through similar work, educational and religious training, and lifestyle in mechanical solidarity.

Mechanical Solidarity And Organic solidarity

Durkheim's Social Solidarity used the terms Mechanical Solidarity and Organic Solidarity. Mechanical solidarity is a simple, pre-industrial form of social cohesion and organic solidarity is a more complex form that evolves in modern societies. Emile Durkheim introduced the terms "mechanical solidarity" and "organic solidarity" as part of his theory of the development of societies in "The Division of Labour in Society" (1893). David Emile Durkheim used the term organic solidarity to refer to a state of interdependency created by the specialization of roles and in which individuals and institutions become deeply dependent on others in a complex division of labour. The basis of organic solidarity may be weakened by anomie when people fail to comprehend the ties that bind them to others.

Mechanical Solidarity Abstracts

Mechanical Solidarity and Organic Solidarity - Anne M. Hornsby. French sociologist Emile Durkheim (1858–1917) coined the terms mechanical solidarity and organic solidarity to describe two types of social organization, that is, ways in which individuals are connected to each other and how they identify with the groups and societies in which they live. Social solidarity is a state of unity or cohesion that exists when people are integrated by strong social bonds and shared beliefs and also are regulated by well-developed guidelines for action (values and norms that suggest worthy goals and how people should attain them).

Scapegoating and the Simulation of Mechanical Solidarity in Former Yugoslavia: “Ethnic Cleansing” and the Serbian Orthodox Church - Keith Doubt, Wittenberg University - Humanity and Society (Vol. 31, No. 1, 2007). ABSTRACT: I introduce the role and influence of the Serbian Orthodox Church, and analyze the collective violence known as ethnic cleansing through the concept of scapegoating. The Serbian Orthodox Church’s use of a scapegoat paradigm to incite violence created a pseudo-sense of solidarity among the Serbian people. Although this solidarity resembles Emile Durkheim’s concept of mechanical solidarity, I question the stability of this solidarity insofar as it is based on the negativity of war crimes and genocide.

Incorporation and Mechanical Solidarity in an Underground Coal Mine
Charles Vaught, David L. Smith. Virgina Polytechnic Institute and State University - Work and Occupations, Vol. 7, No. 2.
Mechanical solidarity exhibited by work groups within a dangerous work setting. Building upon the notions of Ralph Turner and Louis Zurcher, the argument is made that groups which must continually deal with potential disaster will manifest mechanical solidarity as the dominant form of social integration.
 

A Proposal to Recycle Mechanical and Organic Solidarity in Community Sociology. 
Perry, Charles - Rural Sociology, v51 n3 p263-77 Fall 1986.
Abstract: Explores geographical definition of communities and tendency for community relations to transcend geographical boundaries. Reinterprets Durkheim's theory of social solidarity to argue that division of labor directly reduces solidarity but indirectly increases solidarity through secondary groups, the state, and the cult of individuality.