Mechanical solidarity is a term used by David Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) to refer to a state of community bonding or interdependency which rests on a similarity of belief and values, shared activities, and ties of kinship and cooperation. Durkheim's Social Solidarity are Mechanical Solidarity and Organic Solidarity.
Mechanical solidarity is a simple, pre-industrial form of social cohesion and organic solidarity is a more complex form that evolves in modern societies. Emile Durkheim introduced the terms "mechanical solidarity" and "organic solidarity" as part of his theory of the development of societies in "The Division of Labour in Society" (1893). Collective Solidarity is similar in meaning to term mechanical solidarity.
In mechanical solidarity, its cohesion and integration comes from the homogeneity of individuals. People feel connected through similar work, educational and religious training, and lifestyle. Mechanical solidarity is found in "traditional" and small scale societies.
Organic solidarity: Emile Durkheim used the term organic solidarity to refer to a state of interdependency created by the specialization of roles and in which individuals and institutions become deeply dependent on others in a complex division of labour. The basis of organic solidarity may be weakened by anomie when people fail to comprehend the ties that bind them to others.
In developing his mechanical solidarity and organic solidarity distinction, Durkheim drew on the organicist thinking that influenced many intellectuals of his generation, where human societies are analyzed with analogies to biological organisms.
Incorporation and Mechanical Solidarity in an
Underground Coal Mine - Charles Vaught, David L. Smith
Scapegoating and the Simulation of Mechanical
Solidarity in Former Yugoslavia: Ethnic Cleansing and the Serbian Orthodox
Church - Keith Doubt, Wittenberg University.
A Proposal to Recycle Mechanical and Organic
Solidarity in Community Sociology.
Solidarity, Mechanical and Organic -
Anne M. Hornsby