MEANS TEST AND MEANS TESTING
Means Test is a policy for the provision of social
assistance or services which determines access by considering whether the applicant has
the means to provide for the service from their own resources. Means test is an official
inquiry into an applicant's private resources, determining or limiting a grant or
allowance of money from public funds. Subject a person to a means test and assess a grant
by a means test.
Legal aid in most provinces is means tested. Legal aid is
provided without charge to those unable to pay while others pay part or all of the cost of
the service. A policy of universality is opposed to this
and is one in which all citizen have a right to assistance or
service without charge. In the past, the baby bonus was offered to all mothers of
children. Health care is now offered to all citizens without charge regardless of their
income. There is a growing tendency towards means tests. Old age income support is now
'clawed back' from seniors with incomes over a certain amount, and in the future will only
be given to those with income below a set amount. Means-testable is subject to a means
Do the ends justify the means test? House-passed
bill designed to reduce Ch. 7 filings by consumers is not the best means of increasing
their payments to creditors - Leta, David E., ALM Media, Inc.
HR 3150, the bankruptcy reform bill passed by the House of Representatives, bars access to
Chapter 7 to many debtors with the future income to pay creditors, and to obtain
discharges, these debtors would have to file repayment plans under Chapter 13. The former
system allows individual debtors to avoid taking enough personal responsibility for their
financial problems. The bill adopts "means testing" for Chapter 7, which has
never been part of the Bankruptcy Code.
The universal means test - Economist
Newspaper Ltd., The Economist (UK).
Welfare reform in the United Kingdom is increasingly geared toward means testing. The welfare state was originally seen as providing everyone with
benefits, with everyone paying in contributions. Means testing can give rise to poverty
traps and may be seen as humiliating. Social insurance is expensive, and this means that
it is difficult both to provide help for the needy, and to keep taxes at a politically
Does the Owner-Occupier Exemption from the
Pensions Means Test Affect Housing Choice of the Elderly? Evidence from Australia
- Renuka Sane, John Piggott, University of New South Wales - Australian School of
Many developed economies offer the elderly a means tested pension; in most cases the owner
occupied home receives preferential treatment. Many elderly enjoy access to a means tested
age pension. Estimating a model of trade-down behavior
conditional on mobility, using the Household, Income and Labour
Dynamics data set spanning 5 years from Australia. The exemption of the owner-occupied
home in the age pension means test generates sticky trade-down behavior, consistent with
Living with the Means Test
Charles Jordan Tabb, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign College of Law.
The heart of the consumer debtor crackdown came in the adoption of a strict means test as
a method of proving abuse. This article explores the impact of the means test on the
players in the bankruptcy system. Failing or passing the means test is not the end of the
story. We consider how a debtor can rebut the presumption of abuse should he fail the
means test, and how abuse may nonetheless be found should he pass. New procedural
provisions will add teeth to the means test determination; specifically, through required
trustee reports and abuse motions.
Economic Impact of a Proposed AGI Means Test on
Representative Crop Farms
Richardson, James W., Outlaw, Joe L., Raulston, J. Marc - Texas A&M University
The Administration has proposed revising the AGI means test for eligibility to farm
program payments. The 2002 farm bill excludes producers from farm program payments if
their average adjusted gross income for three preceding years exceeds $2.5 million and
less than 75% of their AGI comes from farming, ranching or forestry operations. The
revised means test would reduce the AGI cut-off to $200,000 and repeal the 75% exclusion.