Among distinguished sociologists, Max Weber provided a systematic statement of the conceptual framework of the sociological perspective and developed a coherent philosophy of social science, which recognized the essential problems of explanation of social action. The major German text, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft (1922), published posthumously has been translated as Economy and Society (1968).
Weber's contribution to modern social science include: (i) philosophy of social science (1949; 1975); (2) rationalization (1922; 1930); (3) the Protestant ethic thesis (1930); (4) Weber's relationship to Marx and Marxism (1922); (5) his analysis of power politics in relation to German society (1946; 1978).
Weber also contributed to the sociology of comparative religions (1951; 1952; 1958a), urban sociology (1958b), the sociology ot music (1958c), economic history (1950), the sociology of law (1922; 1977), and the analysis of ancient civilization (1976).
Recent interpretations by sociologists of Weber have emphasized his contribution to cultural sociology and his critical attitude towards capitalist modernization.